State and Local Orders and Regulations

U.S. state and local governments continue to issue new orders regarding closure of nonessential businesses and sheltering at home.  Understanding and keeping track of these requirements is important to all businesses. In addition to our general COVID-19 Resource Team offerings, Holland & Knight has created state-by-state summaries of the major executive orders, mandates and proclamations, as well as links to the official documents. This information is updated on a regular basis, so please check back frequently during the course of the pandemic. 

Alabama  |  Alaska  |  Arizona |  Arkansas  |  California  |  Colorado  |  Connecticut  |  Delaware  |  District of Columbia  |  Florida |  Georgia  |  Hawaii  |  Idaho  |  Illinois  |  Indiana  |  Iowa  |  Kansas  |  Kentucky  |  Louisiana  |  Maine  |  Maryland  |  Massachusetts  |  Michigan  |  Minnesota  |  Mississippi  |  Missouri  |  Montana  |  Nebraska  |  Nevada  |  New Hampshire  |  New Jersey  |  New Mexico  |  New York  |  North Carolina  |  North Dakota  |  Ohio  |  Oklahoma  |  Oregon  |  Pennsylvania  |  Rhode Island  |  South Carolina  |  South Dakota  |  Tennessee  |  Texas  |  Utah  |  Vermont  |  Virginia  |  Washington  |  West Virginia  |  Wisconsin  |  Wyoming

Holland & Knight’s Guidance for Returning to the Workplace
A series of alerts focused on return-to-work issues. 

Additional Resources

CISA Guidance 3.0 (Updated 4/17)  |  Federal CARES Act Summary
The Council of State Governments EOs List

DISCLAIMER: This information is provided for convenience only, and should not be relied upon in making decisions for your business.  As this is a rapidly changing area, reference should always be made to the official order and related interpretative guidance. If you have specific questions about how any particular jurisdiction’s Order affects your business, or other COVID-19 topics, please contact a member of the Holland & Knight’s COVID-19 Response Team – State and Local Orders and Regulations, noted with each state.


ALABAMA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Order (Updated 7/15/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order (superseded)
State Executive Orders
Order of the State Health Officer (Back to Business) - Amended 4/28/20; Order of the State Health Officer (Back to Business) and Supplement - Amended 7/15/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Closure of entertainment venues, athletic facilities, close-contact personal services businesses. For non-essential businesses, no express requirement to close, but they were impacted by stay-at-home requirements. All businesses are now reopened, subject to certain capacity and other requirements.
Shelter in Place – Starting 4/30/20, order was changed from a stay at home order to persons being "encouraged to exercise personal responsibility."
Essential Business Definitions and GuidanceEssential Business List (Eliminated 4/30/20)
State Reopening Plan – Process to Reopen Alabama
Holland & Knight Contact for Alabama Orders – Betsy Perdue

ALASKA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Mandates (through Phase 3/4) (Updated 6/28/20)
State MandatesAlaska Health Mandates
City/County InformationMunicipality of Anchorage Coronavirus Response
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential businesses were closed. Reopening orders permit them to reopen, subject to different precautions for different types of businesses.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order is no longer in effect.
Travel – Intrastate travel is limited between communities to critical infrastructure or critical personal needs. Travel from outside the state is subject to self quarantine requirements.
State Website LinksCOVID-19 Health Mandates
State Re-Opening Plan LinkReopen Alaska Responsibly

ARIZONA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business and Stay at Home Orders (Updated 7/21/20)
State Executive Orders
Executive Order 2020-18 - (rescinded 5/16/20; amended by Executive Order (Back to Business) 2020-33 - Effective 5/4/20 (expires/rescinded 5/16/20); Executive Order 2020-36 (Back to Business) - Effective 5/16/20; Executive Order 2020-43 (Pausing of Arizona's Reopening) - Effective 6/29/20
Pause/Rollback Orders – Executive Order 2020-47 (Limiting Indoor Dining) - Effective 7/11/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Nonessential businesses were restricted to activities that do not require in-person, on-site transactions. Starting 5/4/20, phasing in process to open nonessential businesses. Effective 5/16/20, business restrictions lifted, subject to compliance with certain policies and guidance.
Stay at Home – Stay at home restrictions were rescinded as of 5/16/20.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkArizona Together
Holland & Knight Contact for Arizona OrdersJeffrey Harvey

ARKANSAS

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/21/2020)
State Executive OrderExecutive Order 20-13 (Closures) - Issued 4/4/20 (superseded 5/5/20); Executive Order 20-25 - Issued 5/5/20; Executive Order 20-37 - Issued 6/18/20; Executive Order 20-41 - Issued 7/3/20; DOH Directives; Executive Order 20-43 (re Face Masks) - Issued 7/16/20
Closures/Re-openings – Certain personal care, athletic and entertainment businesses/venues were closed, restaurants limited to carryout and delivery. Businesses permitted to reopen in phases, starting 5/4/20, subject to DOH directives.
Stay at Home – No stay-at-home provisions imposed
State Re-Opening Plan LinkArkansas Ready
Holland & Knight Contact for Arkansas OrdersJeffrey Harvey

CALIFORNIA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Stage 2 Back to Business Order/Resilience Roadmap (Updated 6/25/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order (Stay at Home)
State Executive Orders
Executive Order N-33-20 - Issued 3/19/20; Executive Order N-60-20 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/4/20; Public Health Order (Back to Business) - Issued 5/7/20; Guidance for the Use of Face Coverings - Issued 6/18/20
Closure/Re-Opening – Businesses not required to close, but as a practical matter are impacted by shelter in place requirements. California has developed a phased plan for re-opening starting 5/8/20 and being implemented on a county by county level.
Pause/Rollback OrdersStatewide Public Health Officer Order (Rollback of Reopening) - Issued 7/13/20; Pauses or rollbacks of reopening orders being implemented on a county by county basis. See California's county data monitoring site for statewide rollback announcement. 
Shelter in Place – All individuals to stay home, except as needed to maintain continuity of operation of the critical infrastructure sectors. [A number of California counties and cities, including San Francisco, Palm Springs, Los Angeles county and Los Angeles have shelter in place and business closure orders, which are more or less broad than the state level order.]
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Following CISA Guidance and California Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers List
State Website Links – Website for employers, employees and all Californians, as it relates to the coronavirus outbreak. Website for employers, employees and all Californians relating to the State Order.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkResilience Roadmap
Holland & Knight Contacts for California OrdersJennifer Hernandez, Letitia Moore, Brad Brownlow, Nicholas Targ and Andy Starrels

COLORADO

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business PHO 20-28 (implementing Executive Order 2020-044) (Updated 6/30/2020)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-017 and Amended Public Health Order 20-24
(Updated 4/17/2020 - superseded by EO 2020-044 and PHO 20-28)
State Executive Orders (Back to Business)
Exec Order 2020-045 (Elective surgeries) and Exec Order 2020-044 (Easing certain restrictions); Public Health Order 20-28 (implementing EO 2020-044); Exec Order D 2020-079 (Safer at Home) - Issued 5/25/20; Exec Order D 2020-091 (Safer at Home and in the Vast, Great Outdoors) - Issued 6/1/20; Exec Order D 2020-110 as amended by Exec Order 2020-138 (Nonmedical Face Coverings) - Issued 6/20/20; Public Health Order 20-31 (Face Coverings for Critical Businesses and Mass Transportation) - Issued 7/21/20
Other State Executive Orders
Executive Order 2020-017 - Effective 3/26/20; Amended Public Health Order 20-24
Closure/Re-openings – Businesses other than Critical Businesses were to suspend operation other than for Minimum Basic Operations. Starting May 1, businesses started to reopen in phases.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order expired. Vulnerable individuals “should” stay at home.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The list of Critical Businesses is based on the CISA Guidance.
State Reopening Plan – Colorado Safer at Home
State Website Link – Website for State’s COVID-19 Business Emergency Response Unit
Holland & Knight Contact for Colorado OrdersSeth Belzley 

CONNECTICUT

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Phase I and Phase II Reopening Rules and Executive Orders (Updated 9/21/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders 7H and 7J

State Executive OrdersExecutive Order No. 7H - Issued 3/20/20; Executive Order No. 7J - Issued 3/22/20; Executive Order No 7MM (Back to Business) - Issued 5/12/20; Executive Order 7PP (Back to Business) - Issued 5/19/20; Executive Order 7TT - Issued 5/29/20; Executive Order No. 7ZZ (Back to Business Phase 2) - Issued 6/16/20; Executive Order No. 7BBB (travel restrictions) - Issued 6/24/20; Executive Order No. 7EEE - Issued 6/30/20; Executive Order No. 7III - Issued 7/21/20; Executive Order No. 7NNN - Issued 8/14/20; Executive Order No. 9C - Issued 9/16/20
All State Executive OrdersEmergency Orders issued by the Governor and State Agencies
Closure/Re-Opening – Non-essential or not for profit businesses were to close in- person operations by 3/23/20 at 8 pm. Reopening Phase I commenced 5/20/20. Reopening Phase II commenced 6/17/20.
Shelter in Place – While Executive Order 7H is referred to by the Governor as “Stay Home, Stay Safe,” there were no stay at home orders. Typical restrictions on gatherings apply, but currently no state wide shelter in place requirement.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Definition of Essential Businesses – established by regulation.  Includes CISA sectors and others.
State Website Links Connecticut COVID-19 Response 
State Re-Opening Plan LinkSector Rules and Certification for Reopen
Holland & Knight Contacts for Connecticut OrdersEvan Seideman and Steve Humes

DELAWARE

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Declarations (Back to Business) - Through 23rd Modification (Updated 7/7/20)
State Executive Orders
Declarations of State of Emergency (with all modifications)
Closure/Re-Openings – Non-essential businesses were closed, and are reopening in phases. Phase 1 of Delaware’s Re-Open Plan went into effect on June 1, 2020. 
Shelter in Place – Effective June 1, 2020, shelter-in-place restrictions were lifted. Individuals to comply with certain restrictions under the Phase 1 and Phase 2 plans.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Definition generally tracks CISA Guidance.
State Website LinksWebsite for impact of COVID-19 on state businesses.
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Phase 1 Reopening Guidance (eff. June 1, 2020); Phase 2 Reopening Guidelines (eff. June 15, 2020).
Holland & Knight Contacts for Delaware Orders –  Paul Jaskot and Valerie Brown

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Mayor's Executive Order Phase Two (Back to Business)
Holland & Knight Summary of Mayor's Executive Order Phase One (Back to Business)
Holland & Knight Summary of Mayor's Executive Order (Business Closures) 
(Updated 5/15/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order
(Updated 5/15/20) [Repealed 5/29/20]
State Executive OrdersMayor's Order 2020-053 - Issued 3/24/20, modified by Executive Order 2020-058, issued 4/8/20; Mayor's Order 2020-054 (Stay at Home Order) - Issued 3/30/20; Mayor's Order 2020-067 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/27/20; Mayor's Order 2020-075 (Back to Business) - Issued 6/19/20
Closure/Re-Opening – All nonessential businesses were closed. Phase One of reopenings started 5/29/20. Phase Two started 6/22/20.
Shelter in Place – Order issued 3/30/20, effective 4/1/20. Repealed 5/29/20. Limits on gatherings remains in place.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations.  Minimal reference to CISA Guidance.
City Website LinkCoronavirus website
City Re-Opening Plan LinkReOpen DC
Holland & Knight Contact for the District of Columbia OrdersJanene Jackson

FLORIDA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders (Back to Business) (Updated 6/30/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 20-91
Holland & Knight Summary of County and City Orders

State Executive Orders – Executive Order 20-91 - Issued 4/1/20, Executive Order 20-83 - Issued 3/24/20; Executive Order 20-112 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/29/20; Executive Order 20-120Executive Order 20-122Executive Order 20-123 - All three effective 5/18/20; Executive Order 20-131 - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order 20-139 - Issued 6/3/20
County/City Orders Multiple Local/City/County Orders - Issued 3/17/2020 to 3/26/2020 (See summary above.)
Closures/Re-Openings – No order for business closures, but businesses were affected by stay-at-home order. Re-openings of certain businesses commenced in phases beginning 5/4/20. Phase 2 started 6/5/20.
Shelter in Place – Seniors and those with serious medical conditions ordered to stay at home. Otherwise, residents "shall limit" their movements and personal interactions outside the home to activities only necessary to obtain or provide essential services or conduct essential activities and certain re-opened activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance Essential services are as defined in CISA, plus the list of essential services previously adopted by Miami-Dade orders.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkPlan for Florida's Recovery 
Holland & Knight Contact for Florida Orders – Karen WalkerKimberly Case and Miguel de Grandy

GEORGIA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders  (Updated 7/17/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 4.02.20.01, as amended [superseded]
State Executive Orders (Back to Business) – Executive Order (Back to Business) 4.20.20.01 - Issued 4/20/20; Executive Order (Back to Business) 4.23.20.02 - Issued 4/23/20; Executive Order (Back to Business) 5.12.20.02 - Issued 5/12/20; Executive Order (Back to Business) 5.28.20.02 - Issued 5/28/20; Executive Order 6.11.20.01 - Issued 6/11/20; Executive Order 6.29.20.02 - Issued 6/29/20; Executive Order 07.15.20.01 (Empowering a Healthy Georgia, Additional Guidance) - Issued 7/15/20
Other State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 4.02.20.02 - Issued 4/2/20 [superseded]
Closure/Re-Opening – Certain businesses were closed. Business reopenings in phases, starting 4/24/20, subject to mitigation measures. 
Stay at Home – Certain residents (65+, etc.) to shelter in place, other than certain activities, including conducting or participating in Critical Infrastructure
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – Critical infrastructure businesses defined by reference to the CISA Guidance, plus some additional businesses.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkProcess to Reopen Georgia

HAWAII

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Proclamations (Updated 7/21/20)
State Executive Orders
Third Supplemental Proclamation - Issued 3/24/20; Seventh Supplemental Proclamation - Issued 5/5/20; Ninth Supplemental Proclamation - Issued 6/10/20; Tenth Supplemental Proclamation - Issued 7/17/20
Closure/Re-Openings – All nonessential businesses were required to close. Reopenings started in stages, starting 5/7/20. Different requirements for certain counties, such as Honolulu and Maui.
Shelter in Place – Prior stay at home order was modified. At risk populations “urged” to stay at home. Order still lists the activities that are permitted outside of home.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Refers to CISA Guidance, plus additional businesses. 
State Website Link – Hawaii's COVID-19 website
State Reopening Plan - Reopening Hawaii
Holland & Knight Contacts for Hawaii OrdersCurtis Sano and Betsy Perdue

IDAHO

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Stay Healthy Orders (Updated 6/25//20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Idaho's Order to Self Isolate (rescinded 5/1/20)
State Executive Orders
– Order to Self Isolate - Issued 3/25/20 (rescinded 5/1/20); State FAQs; Stay Healthy Order (Back to Business) - Issued 5/16/20; Stay Healthy Order (Back to Business) - Issued 5/30/20; Stay Healthy Stage 4 Guidelines (Back to Business) - Issued 6/13/20
Closure/Re-Openings – All nonessential businesses were to close, except certain maintenance operations. Starting 5/1/20, most businesses permitted to reopen subject to social distancing and other requirements. Restaurants were carryout/delivery only, and then opened in Stage 2. Stage 4 started 6/13/20.
Shelter in Place – Prior order to self-isolate was rescinded 5/1/20. Starting 5/1/20, only vulnerable population advised to self isolate.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations. The order also incorporates CISA guidance.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkIdaho Rebounds
Holland & Knight Contacts for Idaho OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

ILLINOIS

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Phase 3 and 4 Reopening (Updated 6/26/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-32 – Renewal and Back to Business 
(Updated 4/30/20) (Superseded 5/29/20)
Holland & Knight Alert - Illinois Executive Order on COVID-19 Calls for Residents to Stay Home, Some Businesses to Halt
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 2020-10 Stay at Home - Issued 3/20/20 (expired); Executive Order 2020-32 re Stay at Home and Limited Back to Business - Issued 4/30/20 (Superseded 5/29/20); Executive Order 2020-38 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/29/20; Press release reentry into Phase IV; Executive Order 2020-43 (Phase 4 Reopening) - Issued 6/26/20; Executive Order 2020-51 - Issued 8/18/20
Closure/Re-Opening – All nonessential businesses were initially closed, except certain maintenance operations, and remote work. At Phase 2 of reopening plan, nonessential retail reopened for pickup/delivery only. Phase 3 of reopening started 5/29, with retail and nonessential businesses opening, subject to restrictions. Phase 4 of reopening started 6/26/20. See link to reopening guidance below 
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order was superseded on 5/29/20. Reopening order retains social distancing and mask requirements, and restrictions on gatherings.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations. No reference to CISA Guidance.
State Reopening Plan LinkRestore Illinois
State Reopening GuidancePhase 3 and 4 Guidance
Holland & Knight Contacts for Illinois OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

INDIANA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/21/20)
State Executive OrdersMultiple Executive Orders related to COVID-19, including Back to Business Orders 20-26, 20-28, 20-32, 20-35, 20-36
Link to Executive OrdersIndiana Executive Orders Archive
Closures/Re-Openings – All non-essential businesses were closed. Starting 5/4/20, starting to re-open in stages (including retail and restaurants), subject to certain requirements. Each county is on a different schedule for moving through phases. The state moved to Stage 4 effective 6/12/20.
Shelter in Place – The stay at home mandate has been lifted and is now an advisory.
State Website Link – State of Indiana's website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkBack on Track Indiana
Holland & Knight Contacts for Indiana OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

IOWA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Proclamation (Back to Business) (Updated 6/25/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Proclamation (Business Closures)
State Executive OrdersProclamation of Disaster Emergency (Back to Business) - Issued 4/27/20; Proclamation of Disaster Emergency (Resuming Elective Surgeries) - Issued 4/27/20; Proclamation of Disaster Emergency (Business Closures) - Issued 4/2/20 (superseded by 4/27/20 proclamation); Proclamation of Disaster Emergency (Business Closures) - Issued 4/7/20 (superseded by 4/27 proclamation); Proclamation of Disaster Emergency (Back to Business) - Issued 6/25/20; Proclamation of Disaster Emergency (Back to Business) - Issued 7/24/20
Closure/Re-Openings – Nonessential retail and certain other businesses were closed. Starting 5/1/20, businesses were reopened in phases, with different timetables for different counties.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home strongly encouraged for vulnerable individuals
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and guidance – N/A
State Website LinksIowa COVID-19 Information
State Re-Opening Plan LinkReopening Guidance for the State of Iowa

KANSAS

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/7/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 20-16 (Stay at Home) (has been rescinded)
State 
Executive Orders
Executive Order 20-16 (Stay at Home) - Issued 3/28/20 (rescinded), Extended by Executive Order 20-24 until 5/3/20; Executive Order 20-29 (Back to Business)  - Issued 4/30/20, Superseded by EO-20-31; Executive Order 20-31 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/19/20 (rescinded); Executive Order 20-34 (Phase 2 of reopening) - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order 20-52 (Face mask order) - Issued 7/2/20
Closures/Re-Openings – No broad based business closures.  However, businesses were affected by stay-at-home order. Starting 5/4/20, most businesses (including restaurants) permitted to reopen in phases, subject to industry-specific guidelines.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order rescinded 5/4/20. Residents "strongly encouraged" to use social distancing and minimize nonessential travel.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Defined in EO 20-16 as Kansas Essential Function Framework (KEEF)
State Website Link – Kansas Department of Health COVID-19 website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkAd Astra: A Plan to Reopen Kansas

KENTUCKY

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/19/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-246
State Executive Orders
Executive Order 2020-246 – Issued 3/22/20; Executive Order 2020-323 - Issued 5/8/20; "Healthy at Work" plan - Effective 5/11/20; Secretary of Health Order re Back to Business - Effective 5/11/20; Executive Order 2020-586 - Issued 7/9/20 
Closure/Re-Opening – Most businesses that are not “life-sustaining” were closed to in person operations. Reopening started in phases, commencing 5/11/20.
Shelter in Place – No stay at home order was imposed. Restrictions were on gatherings and businesses.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The order includes a chart detailing businesses that are or are not "life-sustaining." Does not reference CISA.
State Website LinkKentucky's COVID-19 website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkHealthy at Work: Reopening Kentucky 
Holland & Knight Contact for Kentucky OrdersMarissa Serafino

LOUISIANA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Proclamation No. 58 (Updated 5/15/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Proclamation No. 52 (Expired 5/15/20)
State Executive Order
Proclamation Number 41 JBE 2020 - Issued 4/2/20 Proclamation Number 33 JBE 2020 - Issued 3/22/20; Proclamation Number 52 JBE 2020 - Issued 5/1/20 [expired 5/15/20]; Proclamation Number 58 (Back to Business) – Issued 5/14/20
Pause/Rollback Orders –  Proclamation 89 JBE 2020 (Mask Mandate, Bar Closures) - Effective 6/26/20
Closures/Re-Openings – All non-essential businesses. Effective 5/15/20, all reopening subject to conditions (other than certain places of public amusement, massage and tattoo parlors).
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order lifted 5/15/20, replaced with advisory.
Essential Business and Guidance – State developed standard for “essential” businesses, and recognizes CISA Guidance.
State Website LinkWebsite for COVID-19, which includes guidance for businesses and FAQs.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkOpen Safely
Holland & Knight Contact for Louisiana OrdersBrad Hancock

MAINE

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/7/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Executive Order (EO 28)

Holland & Knight Summary of Essential Businesses Order (EO 19)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order No. 19 - Effective March 25, 2020; Executive Order No. 28 - Effective April 2, 2020; Executive Order No. 49 - Effective May 1, 2020; Executive Order No. 55 - Effective May 31, 2020; Executive Order No. 2 FY (face coverings) - Effective July 8, 2020
Closures/Re-Openings – Nonessential businesses were closed. Reopening plan starting in phases beginning May 1, 2020. Different reopening schedule for rural counties.  
Shelter in Place – All residents to stay at home other than for essential activities
State Website LinkState of Maine COVID-19 Response
State Re-Opening Plan LinkRestarting Maine's Economy
Holland & Knight Contact for Maine OrdersBetsy Perdue

MARYLAND

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business and Closure Order (Updated 5/13/20
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order and Interpretive Guidance - Issued 3/23/20; Fourth Amendment (Stay at Home Amendment) - Issued 3/30/20; Sixth Amendment (Back to Business Amendment) - Issued 5/13/20
Closure/Re-Openings – All non-essential businesses were closed to public 3/23/20. Many businesses reopened starting 5/15/20.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home put into effect 3/30/20, and lifted 5/15/20.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The directive provides a non-exhaustive list of businesses that are “essential” under CISA Guidance and directs businesses to refer to CISA Guidance for more complete list. 
State Website LinkWebsite on Coronavirus Information for Businesses
State Re-Opening Plan LinkMaryland Strong: Roadmap to Recovery Building Blocks
Holland & Knight Contact for Maryland OrdersJanene Jackson

MASSACHUSETTS

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 8/19/20)
State Executive OrdersCOVID-19 Order No. 13 re Essential Services - Issued 3/23/20, as amended by Order No. 21, Issued 3/31/20; as amended by Order No. 30, Issued 4/28/20; as amended by Order No. 31, Issued 5/1/20; as amended by Order No. 33, Issued 5/18/20 and rescinded 6/8/20; Order No 35, Issued 6/1/20; Order No 37, Issued 6/6/20; Order No 38, Issued 6/6/20; Order No. 40 (Phase II Reopening), Issued 6/19/20; Order No. 43 (Phase III Reopening), Issued 7/2/20; Order No. 44, Issued 7/2/20; Order No. 46, Issued 8/7/20
Closure/Re-Openings – All businesses that do not provide “COVID-19 Essential Services” to close their physical locations 3/24/20. Starting 5/18/20, businesses being reopened in phases.
Shelter in Place – No shelter in place requirement.  Advisories have been issued.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – List of “Essential Services” is based on CISA Guidance, but amended to “reflect the needs of Massachusetts’ unique economy.”
State Website LinkWebsite for Guidance and Directives related to the virus; Informational Hotline: 211
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Reopening Massachusetts
Holland & Knight Contacts for Massachusetts OrdersJeff Mittleman and Diane McDermott

MICHIGAN

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders (Phases 4 and 5) (Updated 7/21/20)
State 
Executive Orders
Executive Order 2020-21 (replaced by EO 2020-42); Executive Order 2020-42 (replaced by EO 2020-59); Executive Order 2020-43; Executive Order 2020-59 (replaced by EO 2020-70); Executive Order 2020-70 (replaced by EO 2020-77); Executive Order 2020-77 (replaced by EO 2020-92); Executive Order 2020-91Executive Order 2020-92Executive Order 2020- 96Executive Order 2020-110 (Phase 4); Executive Order 2020-114 (workplace rules) (rescinded); Executive Order 2020-115 (Phase 5); Executive Order 2020-143 (closing indoor service at bars); Executive Order 2020-147 (face masks) - Issued 7/10/20; Executive Order 2020-149 - Issued 7/13/20; Executive Order 2020-153 - Issued 7/17/20
Closure/Re-Opening – All businesses were required to temporarily suspend in-person operations that are not necessary to sustain or protect life. Certain "resumed activities" allowed starting 4/24/20 and expanded by subsequent orders. As of 6/10/20, most of State is in Phase 4 and some counties are in Phase 5.
Pause/Rollback Orders - Executive Order 2020-143 (closing indoor service at bars)
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order has lifted. Limits on gatherings.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Critical infrastructure workers are those defined under CISA Guidance.
State Website LinkMichigan's website for COVID-19 Updates
State Re-Opening Plan LinkMichigan Safe Start
Holland & Knight Contacts for Michigan OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

MINNESOTA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/10/20)
State Executive Orders
Executive Order 20-20 - Issued 3/25/20, Effective 3/27/20; Executive Order (Back to Business) 20-40 - Effective 4/26/20; Executive Order 20-56 (Back to Business) - Effective 5/17/20; Executive Order 20-63 (Back to Business) - Effective 5/26/20; Executive Order 20-74 (Back to Business) - Effective 6/9/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Prior stay at home order had limited businesses other than critical businesses. Re-opening orders started opening businesses in phases, beginning 4/26/20.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order was lifted. At-risk individuals "strongly encouraged" to remain at home. 
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – List of Critical Sectors is in the order, based in part on CISA Guidance.
State Website Link – Minnesota's Department of Health website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkStay Safe MN
Holland & Knight Contacts for Minnesota OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trisha Rich

MISSISSIPPI

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders 1492 and amendments (Updated 7/19/20)
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders 1477-1491 (Updated 5/28/20)
Executive OrderExecutive Order No. 1463 - Issued 3/24/20; Executive Order No. 1477 Back to Business - Issued 4/27/20; Executive Order No. 1478 - Issued 5/4/20; Executive Order No. 1480 - Issued 5/8/20; Executive order No. 1483 - Issued 5/12/20; Executive Order No. 1484 - Issued 5/14/20; Executive Order No. 1486 - Issued 5/15/20; Executive Order No. 1487 - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order No. 1488 - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order No. 1491 - Issued 5/27/20; Executive Order No. 1492 - Issued 5/28/20 (Amendments to EO 1492: No. 1496, No. 1500, No. 1505); Executive Order No. 1507 - Issued 7/10/20
Closures/Re-Openings – No broad closure order. Executive Orders allow businesses to remain open or to re-open, subject to certain requirements, in stages commencing 4/27/20.
Shelter in Place – No stay at home order. Stay at home is encouraged for vulnerable populations. 
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential Businesses list, plus CISA.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkState Re-Opening Guidances and Recommendations

MISSOURI

Holland & Knight Summary of DHSS Order (Effective 5/4/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of DHSS Order 
(Effective 4/6/20 - Expired)
Executive OrderOrder of the Director of the Department of Health and Senior Services - Effective 4/6/20; Order of the Director of the Department of Health and Senior Services (Economic Re-Opening Phase 1) - Effective 5/4/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential businesses have been subject to limits on gatherings. Occupancy limits placed on retail businesses. Starting 5/4/20, restrictions are being eased. Effective 6/16/20, announcements state that all businesses are open. See county and local orders for more restrictions.
Shelter in Place – Under prior orders, residents were to “avoid” leaving their homes, except for essential services. No current mandates. Social distancing advisories.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Based on CISA Guidance.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkReopening Missouri: Show Me Strong Recovery Plan

MONTANA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Directive for Reopening (Updated 7/14/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Directive for Stay at Home
State Executive OrdersDirective for Stay at Home - Issued 3/26/20; Directive for Reopening - Issued 4/22/20; Directive for Reopening (Phase 1) - Issued 5/8/20, Directive for Reopening (Phase 2) - Issued 5/22/20; Directive for Face Masks - Issued 7/15/20 
Closure/Re-Openings – All nonessential businesses were closed, except certain maintenance operations and work from home. Reopening orders allows reopening in phases with specific guidelines for each type of business.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order was in place with exceptions for essential activities. Now limited to advisory for 65+ and vulnerable.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The definitions of essential activities recognizes and incorporates CISA guidance.
State Website LinkGovernor's Coronavirus Task Force; Montana Joint Information Center
Holland & Knight Contacts for Montana OrdersTrish Rich and Betsy Perdue

NEBRASKA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Directed Health and Back to Business Measures (Updated 7/21/20)
State Measures 
DHHS Directed Health Measures
Closures/Re-Openings – Closures and reopenings determined by Directed Health Measures, on a county by county basis.
Shelter in Place – No general stay at home order. Self-quarantine requirements on a county by county basis.
State Website Link – DHHS Directed Health Measures
State Reopening Plan – Reopening Nebraska Guidance

NEVADA

*New* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Re-Opening Orders (Updated 7/10/20)
State Executive OrdersGovernor's Directive 3,  Governor's Directive 7 - Issued 3/20/20 and Governor's Directive 10 - Effective 3/31/20; Governor's Directive 16 - Effective 5/1/20; Governor’s Directive 018 (Back to Business), Governor’s Directive 021 (Back to Business)Governor's Directive 024 (re Face Masks) - Effective 6/26/20
Pause/Rollback Orders – Governor's Directive 027 - Effective 7/10/20
Closures/Re-Openings – All non-essential businesses  were closed. Reopenings started in phases, beginning 5/1/20. 
Shelter in Place – The prior stay at home directive has been revised to “strongly encouraged.”
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – The Department of Public Safety issued a corresponding regulation defining essential and non-essential businesses, which are not entirely aligned with CISA Guidance.
State Re-Opening PlanNevada United: Roadmap to Recovery
Holland & Knight Contact for Nevada OrdersBetsy Perdue

NEW HAMPSHIRE

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/19/20)
State Executive OrdersEmergency Order # 17 Pursuant to Executive Order 2020-04  - Issued 3/26/20; Emergency Order #40 Pursuant to Executive Order 2020-04 - Issued 5/1/20; Executive Order #52 (Back to Business) with Exhibit A (Universal Guidelines for businesses) and Exhibit B (Industry-specific guidelines)
Closures/Re-Openings – All businesses and other organizations that do not provide Essential Services were to cease all in-person operations as of 11:59 p.m. on March 27, 2020. Starting 5/1/20, businesses to commence opening in phases, subject to certain requirements. 
Shelter in Place – Stay at home mandate has been lifted.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential Services defined in Exhibit A
State Website LinkNew Hampshire's COVID-19 website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkStay at Home 2.0

NEW JERSEY

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 9/21/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders 107, 122 and 125
(Updated 5/19/20)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 107 - Issued 3/21/20; Executive Order 122 - Issued 4/8/20; Executive Order 125 - Issued 4/11/20; Executive Order 133 - Issued 4/29/20; Executive Order 142 - Issued 5/13/20; Executive Order 150 (Back to Business) - Issued 6/3/20; Press Release concerning Travel Restrictions - Issued 6/24/20; Executive Order 157 (Phase 2 Reopening) - Issued 6/26/20; Executive Order 163 (Face mask order) - Issued 7/8/20; Executive Order 173 - Issued 8/3/20
Pause or Rollback OrdersExecutive Order 158 (Indoor Dining Pause) - Effective 7/2/20
Link to All State Executive OrdersNew Jersey Executive Orders
Closures/Re-Openings – Brick and Mortar operations of retail businesses closed 3/22/20 and nonessential construction closed 4/10/20. Construction reopened and other restrictions started to ease in phases on 5/18/20.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home provisions were lifted 6/9/20.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Executive Order 107 includes definitions of essential and non-essential businesses, which are summarized in this official FAQ.
State Website Link – Website for COVID-19 Information Hub
State Re-Opening Plan LinksFAQ on Reopening; The Road Back 
Holland & Knight Contacts for New Jersey OrdersPaul Jaskot, Sheila Shen, Nicole Tedesco and Paul Bond

NEW MEXICO

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/10/20)
State Executive Orders/Public Health Orders – Executive Order 024 - Issued 4/9/2020, Executive Order 022 - Issued 4/6/2020, Public Health Order - Issued 4/6/2020 (superseded); Public Health Order - Issued 4/11/20; Public Health Order (including Back to Business) - Issued 4/30/20 (superseded); Public Health Order (Back to Business) - Issued 6/30/20; Executive Order 054 - Issued 7/1/20
Closures/Re-Openings – All nonessential businesses and nonprofit entities were closed. Phased re-opening of businesses started 4/30/20.
Pause/Rollback OrdersRollback order announcement - Issued 7/9/20; Rollback order - Issued 7/13/20

Shelter in Place – No shelter in place requirement, but advisory.
Essential Business Definitions and GuidanceEssential businesses listed. Not Following CISA Guidance.
State Website Link – State's coronavirus website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkAll Together New Mexico
Holland & Knight Contacts for New Mexico OrdersJeff Harvey, Brad Hancock and Lauren Becker

NEW YORK

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Reopening (Back to Business) (Updated 7/17/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order No. 202.8 (Updated 5/19/20)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order No. 202.8 and Guidance - Issued 3/20/20 and Governor’s "New York State on Pause" 10 Point Plan; Executive Order No. 202.31 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/14/20; Executive Order No. 202.35 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/29/20; Executive Order No. 202.41 - Issued 6/13/20; Executive Order No. 202.42 - Issued 6/15/20; Press Release concerning Travel Restrictions - Issued 6/24/20; Executive Order No. 205 - Issued 6/24/20; Executive Order 202.48 - Issued 7/6/20 Executive Order 202.50 - Issued 7/10/20
All State Executive OrdersNY Executive Orders
Closure/Re-Openings – All non-essential businesses were closed to in-office personnel functions on March 22. Businesses permitted to reopen in phases, by region, commencing 5/15/20.
All businesses and not-for-profit businesses to use telecommuting to the maximum extent possible.
Shelter in PlaceNo statewide shelter in place requirement. However, there are limits on all nonessential gatherings and requirements for social distancing.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential business, for purposes of the Executive Order, is defined in the Guidance, and does not follow CISA Guidance.
State Website Link – New York's coronavirus website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkNY Forward WebsiteNY Forward Plan 
Holland & Knight Contacts for New York OrdersAmy Leder, Stuart Saft, Steve Humes, Sarah Passeri, Nicole Tedesco and Sheila Shen

NORTH CAROLINA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Order, Phase 2 (Updated 8/19/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order No. 120 - Issued 3/23/20; Executive Order No. 121 - Issued 3/27/20, Effective 3/30/20 at 5 p.m.; Executive Order No. 138 - Back to Business - Issued 5/5/20, Effective 5/8/20; Executive Order No. 141 - Issued 5/20/20; Executive Order 147 (Phase 2) - Issued 6/24/20; Executive Order 151 - Issued 7/16/20; Executive Order 155 - Issued 8/5/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential businesses were ordered to close unless permitted by the Secretary of Revenue. Staring 5/8/20, most businesses allowed to re-open subject to certain rules.
Shelter in Place – Executive Order 138 provides an updated list of Allowable Activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and GuidanceFAQ and Guidance 
State Website LinkNorth Carolina COVID-19 website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkNorth Carolina COVID-19 Response
Holland & Knight Contacts for North Carolina OrdersKevin Christmas and James King

NORTH DAKOTA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Order 2020-06.4 (Updated 7/20/20)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order No. 2020-06 – Issued 3/19/20 (later amended and extended); Executive Order No. 2020-06.4 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/29/20; Executive Order No. 2020-06.5 - Issued 5/6/20; Executive Order No. 2020-06.6 - Issued 5/15/20; Executive Order No. 2020-06.7 - Issued 5/22/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Certain businesses were closed commencing 3/20/20 or 3/28/20 (including personal care facilities, amusement venues, etc). Restaurants were closed to on-site dining. Effective 5/1/20, many businesses re-open, subject to compliance with certain protocols.
Shelter in Place – No order
Essential Business – N/A
State Re-Opening Plan LinkND Smart Restart
Holland & Knight Contacts for North Dakota OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

OHIO

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Order(Updated 7/13/20)
Holland & Knight Summary or Stay at Home Directive
State Executive OrderDirective to Stay at Home (stay-at-home order); Director’s Updated and Revised Order for Business Guidance and Social Distancing - Issued 5/29/20; Director’s Second Order to Extend the Expiration Date of Various Orders - Issued 7/6/20; Director's Order re Face Coverings - Issued 7/8/20
Closure/Re-opening - All non-essential business and operations were to cease. Beginning 5/1/20, started to reopen in stages, subject to compliance with certain requirements.
Shelter in PlaceAt risk individuals urged to stay at home.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance - The order lists “essential” businesses, which includes all the workers identified in the CISA Guidance.
State Website LinkWebsite housing all COVID-19 information 
State Reopening Plan Link - Process to Reopen Ohio; Responsible Restart Ohio
Holland & Knight Contacts for Ohio OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

OKLAHOMA

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/10/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-07

State Executive Orders
Fourth Amended Executive Order 2020-07 - Issued 3/24/20; Seventh Amended Executive Order 2020-07 - Issued 4/1/2020; Fourth Amended Executive Order 2020-13 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/24/2020 (superseded); Second Amended Executive Order 2020-20 - Issued 7/10/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Nonessential businesses were closed. Phased reopenings have occurred in phases in accordance with the OURS plan starting 4/24/20.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home mandate for vulnerable populations was lifted 7/10/20. Advisory only.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential status based on CISA, and may be expanded.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkOpen Up & Recover Safely (OURS) Plan
Holland & Knight Contact for Oklahoma OrdersBetsy Perdue 

OREGON

Oregon Supreme Court Stays Lower Court Ruling That Declared Governor's Orders 'Null and Void' (Updated 5/18/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 6/30/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order (rescinded 5/14/20)
State Executive OrderExecutive Order/Stay at Home Order 20-12 - Issued 3/23/20 (rescinded 5/14/20); Executive Order 20-25 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/14/20; Oregon Health Authority Guidance 2351J (Face Coverings - County-Specific) - Effective 6/24/20; Oregon Health Authority Guidance 2288K (Face Coverings - Statewide) - Effective 7/15/20
Limited Closure/Re-Openings – Phased reopening plan starting 5/14/20, rolled out on a county by county basis and subject to Executive Order 20-25 (Phased Approach) and Executive Order 20-27 (Phase II).
Shelter in Place – No formal stay at home directive was in place. However, objectives accomplished by restrictions on gatherings and travel. Restrictions eased in phases, starting 5/14/20.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Not Following CISA Guidance
State Website LinkOregon's Coronavirus website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkProcess to Reopen Oregon
Holland & Knight Contacts for Oregon OrdersDayna Underhill

PENNSYLVANIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 6/25/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order re: Life Sustaining Businesses
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order [expired]
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order re: Safety Measures for Open Businesses
State Executive OrdersGovernor's Order re Life Sustaining Businesses and Amendments- Issued 3/19/20, Amended 3/23/20, Amended 4/20/20, Amended 5/19/20; Governor's Stay at Home Order and Amendments (Expired 6/4/20) - Issued 3/23/20, Amended 3/31/20, Amended 4/20/20, Amended 5/7/20, Amended 5/14/20, Amended 5/21/20; Governor’s Order re Safety Measures for Open Businesses - Issued 4/15/20; Secretary of Health Order re Back to Business (counties in yellow phase) - Issued 5/7/20, Amended 5/14/20, Amended 5/21/20, Amended 5/28/20, Amended 6/4/20; Secretary of Health Order re Back to Business (counties in green phase) - Issued 5/27/20, Amended 6/4/20, Amended 6/11/20; Secretary of Health Order Requiring Universal Face Coverings - Issued 7/1/20 
Closure/Re-Opening – All businesses except for life-sustaining businesses were closed. Yellow Phase reopenings started 5/8/20, and Green Phase reopenings started 5/29/20. Different counties move through the phases at different times.
Shelter in Place – State-wide order expired 6/4/20.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – List of "Life-Sustaining-Business" updated as of 4/20/20. The waiver submission period is now closed.
State Website LinkWebsite for Covid-19 information at state-level.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkPlan for Pennsylvania 
Holland & Knight Contacts for Pennsylvania OrdersPaul Jaskot, Marissa Serafino, Carolyn Short and Valerie Brown

RHODE ISLAND

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/19/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order (Stay at Home) (repealed)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 20-09 - Issued 3/22/20 (repealed); Executive Order 20-14 - Issued 3/28/20 (repealed); Executive Order 20-32 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/8/20; Executive Order 20-40 - Issued 5/29/20; Executive Order 20-41 - Issued 6/4/20; Executive Order 20-50 - Issued 6/29/20 
Closure/Re-Openings – All non-critical retail were closed, effective 3/30. Starting 5/8/20, reopened for pickup and limited browsing.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order was in effect 3/28/20, and lifted 5/8/20.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Critical retail list provided at https://commerceri.com/business-guidelines-during-crisis/
State Re-Opening Plan LinkReopening RI 
Holland & Knight Contact for Rhode Island OrdersBetsy Perdue

SOUTH CAROLINA

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders (Updated 7/20/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-18

State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 2020-18; Executive Order 2020-19 - Both Issued 4/6/2020; Executive Order 2020-21; Executive Order (Back to Business) 2020-28 - Issued 4/20/20; Executive Order 2020-30 - Issued 5/1/20; Executive Order 2020-31 - Issued 5/3/20; Executive Order 2020-34 - Issued 5/8/20; Executive Order 2020-36 - Issued 5/15/20; Executive Order 2020-40 - Issued 6/11/20; Executive Order 2020-45 - Issued 7/11/20
Shelter in Place – No stay at home order. Individuals are "urged" to limit interaction and to practice social distancing. 
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-Essential Businesses were closed. Starting 4/20/20, businesses started to re-open in phases.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkAccelerate SC
Essential Businesses – Executive Order 2020-18 provides a list of Non-Essential Businesses.

SOUTH DAKOTA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-20 (Back to Normal Plan) (Updated 5/5/20)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 2020-12 (Replaced by EO 2020-20) - Issued 4/6/2020; Executive Order 2020-20 - Issued 4/28/2020
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential business never ordered to close. Executive Order 2020-20 provides guidance to businesses and individuals with regard to easing any self-imposed restrictions.
Stay at Home – South Dakota did not issue a stay-at-home order. Executive Order 2020-20 encourages individuals to consider CDC guidelines and adhere to local restrictions.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkBack to Normal, South Dakota 

TENNESSEE

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/6/2020)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 22 (Repealed)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 22 - Issued 3/30/20 (repealed); Executive Order 23 - Issued 4/2/20 (repealed); Executive Order 29 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/24/20 (superseded); Executive Order 30 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/28/2020; Executive Order 33 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/5/20 (superseded); Executive Order 38 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order 53 (Limited liability protection for healthcare workers) - Issued 7/1/20; Executive Order 54 (Face mask requirement) - Issued 7/3/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Nonessential businesses were closed, then reopened starting 4/29/20. Entertainment and close contact businesses being reopened in stages.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order was repealed, replaced by "strong encouragement" to remain home.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential businesses defined in Executive Order 22
State Re-Opening Plan LinkTennessee Pledge
Holland & Knight Contact for Tennessee OrdersBetsy Perdue

TEXAS

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders (Updated 9/28/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order GA-14 
(Expired 4/30/20)
State Executive OrdersTexas Executive Order GA-14 (Expired 4/30/20) - Effective 12:01 a.m. on April 2, 2020; Texas Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-18 - Effective April 27, 2020 (Superseded 5/5/20); Texas Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-21 - Effective May 5, 2020 (Superseded 5/18/20); Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-23 - Effective 5/18/20 (expired 6/3/20); Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-26 - Effective 6/3/20 (Superseded 6/26/20); Executive Order GA-27 (Hospital capacity) - Issued 6/25/20; Executive Order GA-28 (Pause of reopening) - Issued 6/26/20; Executive Order GA-29 (Mask order) - Issued 7/2/20; Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-30 - Issued 9/17/20; Executive Order GA-31 (Hospital Capacity) - Issued 9/17/20
Closures/Re-Openings – No mandated closure of non-essential businesses, but had been impacted by prior stay at home provisions. Re-opening in phases, subject to various requirements, including 50% capacity limit for most businesses. "Pause" or rollback of certain re-opening provisions was implemented beginning 6/26/20. 
Shelter in Place – No mandatory stay at home. Restrictions on gatherings.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential services include the CISA Guidance sectors, plus religious services 
State Website LinkTexas Coronavirus website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkGovernor's Strike Force to Open Texas
Holland & Knight Contacts for Texas OrdersJeffrey Harvey and Bradley Hancock

UTAH

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/15/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Directives to the State of Utah (Rescinded)
State Executive OrdersFirst Directive to the State of Utah - Issued March 27, 2020 (Expired); Travel Declaration Directive - Issued April 10, 2020 (Expired); Second Directive to the State of Utah - Issued April 17, 2020 (Rescinded); Executive Order 19 - Back to Business - Issued 4/29/20; Executive Order 20 - Back to Business - Issued 5/6/20; Executive Order 27 - Issued 5/29/20; Executive Order 32 - Issued 6/19/20; Executive Order 35 - Issued 6/29/20
Closure/Re-Opening – There was no mandatory closure of businesses. The Back to Business Order includes requirements for all individuals and businesses, per Phased Guidelines.
Shelter in Place – No shelter in place order in effect. The “Stay Safe, Stay Home” order was rescinded.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The Directive does not identify or differentiate between essential and non-essential businesses.
State Re-Opening Plan LinksUtah Leads Together; Phased Guidelines

VERMONT

Holland & Knight Combined Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/13/20)
State Executive Orders - Executive Order Addendum 6 - Issued 3/25/20; Executive Order Addendum 10 - Issued 4/17/20; Executive Order Addendum 11 - Issued 4/24/20; Executive Order Addendum 12 - Issued 5/1/20; Executive Order Addendum 13, - Issued 5/6/20; Executive Order Addendum 14 - Issued 5/15/20; Amended and Restarted Executive Order 01-20 - Issued 6/15/20
Closure/Re-Opening – All businesses other than critical businesses were closed. Starting 4/20/20, re-openings started in phases, with protective measures.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order was in place from 3/25/20. Lifted effective 5/15/20, with recommendations for persons to limit travel and practice social distancing. Broad self-quarantine requirements for inbound travelers.
Essential Business – The order contains a listing of critical businesses.
State Website LinkCOVID-19 Recovery Resource Center
State Re-Opening Plan LinksRestart Vermont
Holland & Knight Contact for Vermont OrdersBetsy Perdue

VIRGINIA

*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders – Phase II and Phase III (Updated 8/3/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders 53, 55 and 56 (Rescinded)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order No. 53 and FAQs - Issued 3/23/20; Executive Order No. 55 - Issued 3/30/20; Executive Directive 10 - Issued 4/9/20; Executive Order 56 - Issued 4/13/20; Executive Order 61 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/8/20; Executive Order 62 (Back to Business) - Issued 5/14/20; Executive Order 65 (Back to Business) - Effective 6/5/20; Executive Order 67 (Easing of Business Restrictions) - Issued 6/30/20
Limited Closure/Re-Openings – Initially, there were closures of a limited set of businesses: public entertainment, personal service businesses, nonessential other retail, and professional business limitations. Phase One reopenings started 5/15/20 and 5/29/20. Phase Two reopenings started 5/12/20 and 6/5/20.
Stay at Home –
Stay at home provisions have been lifted.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – List of "Essential Businesses" was included with EO 53.  The order also includes a FAQs list for reference.
State Website LinkWebsite for COVID-19 information at state level
State Re-Opening LinkForward Virginia
Holland & Knight Contacts for Virginia OrdersBill Gould and Angela Jimenez

WASHINGTON

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Proclamations (Updated 6/10/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Proclamation 20-05 (Stay Home)

State Executive OrdersProclamation 20-05 (Stay Home); Proclamation 20-25 with limited guidance and FAQs; Proclamation 20-25.3 (Back to Business/Safe Start Washington) - Issued 5/4/20; Proclamation 20-25.4 (Back to Business/Safe Start Washington) - Issued 5/31/20; Order of the Secretary of Health 20-03 (Statewide Face Coverings) - Issued 6/24/20; Proclamation 20-25.6 (Reopening) - Issued 7/7/20; Proclamation 20-25.7 - Issued 7/24/20; Governor's Press Release re: Rollbacks - Issued 7/28/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Prior orders closed all businesses except essential businesses. Proclamation 20-25.3 began implementing a phased re-opening plan starting 5/4/20: Safe Start Washington.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home provisions remain in place, as modified by orders.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – List of Essential businesses was included with the order 
State Website LinkWebsite for COVID-19 information
State Re-Opening Plan LinksSafe Start Washington; COVID-19 Reopening Guidance for Businesses and Workers
Holland & Knight Contacts for Washington OrdersDayna Underhill 

WEST VIRGINIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/19/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 9-20, amended (Back to Business and Safer at Home)
(Updated 6/5/20)
State Executive OrdersExecutive Order 9-20 - Issued 3/23/20; Executive Order 32-20 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/30/20; Executive Order 33-20 - Issued 5/3/20; Executive Order 36-20 - Issued 5/8/20, Executive Order 37-20 Issued 5/15/20, Executive Order 40-20 - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order 41-20 - Issued 5/29/20; Executive Order 42-20 - Issued 6/4/20; Executive Order 43-20 - Issued 6/5/20; Executive Order 49-20 - Issued 7/1/20; Executive Order 50-20 - Issued 7/6/20; Executive Order 51-20 - Issued 7/13/20
Closure/Re-Openings – All non-essential businesses were closed other than minimum basic operations. Exceptions for certain home businesses and small businesses. Since 5/4, businesses allowed to re-open in stages.
Shelter in Place – Individuals were required to stay at home unless performing specified essential activities. This has changed to "strongly encouraged."
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Following CISA Guidance; plus lists additional businesses. 
State Website LinkWebsite for COVID-19 informationWebsite providing for news, press releases and orders relating to the Governor’s actions.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkWest Virginia Strong: The Comeback
Holland & Knight Contacts for West Virginia OrdersPaul Jaskot, Marissa Serafino, Carolyn Short and Valerie Brown

WISCONSIN

Wisconsin Supreme Court Opinion Striking Down Governor's Stay at Home Order (5/13/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Badger Bounce Back Orders (Back to Business) (Updated 5/4/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order #28 (succeeding #12) (Updated 4/28/20)
State Executive OrdersEmergency Order #28 (succeeding #12) - Issued 4/20/20; Emergency Order #12 - Issued 3/24/02; Emergency Order #8 - Issued 3/20/20; Emergency Order #31 (Back to Business Plan); Emergency Order #34 (Back to Business Order)
Closures/Re-Openings – All nonessential businesses were to close, except certain minimum basic operations. Starting 4/29/20, restrictions being lifted in phases. On 5/13/20 the Wisc. Supreme Court struck down the Governor's extension of the state stay at home order.
Shelter in Place – Residents to shelter at home, with certain essential activities permitted. On 5/13/20, the Wisc. Supreme Court struck down the Governor's extension of the state stay at home order.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations. The order also incorporates CISA guidance.
State Re-Opening Plan LinkProcess to Reopen Wisconsin
Holland & Knight Contacts for Wisconsin OrdersTrisha Rich and Betsy Perdue

WYOMING

Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business and Closure Orders (Updated 5/21/20)
All State COVID-19 OrdersWY COVID-19 Orders
Closures/Re-Openings – Limited closure: personal service, theaters, gyms, schools, etc. Reopening process started in phases beginning 5/1/20
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – Businesses defined in Continuation of Public Health Order and Public Health Order #3.
State Website Link – Wyoming's coronavirus website
State Re-Opening Plan LinkA Transition Plan for a Healthy Wyoming