State and Local Orders and Regulations

U.S. state and local governments continue to issue new orders regarding closure of nonessential businesses and sheltering at home.  Understanding and keeping track of these requirements is important to all businesses. In addition to our general COVID-19 Resource Team offerings, Holland & Knight has created state-by-state summaries of the major Executive Orders, Mandates and Proclamations, as well as links to the official documents.  This information is updated daily, so please check back frequently during the course of the pandemic. 

Alabama  |  Alaska  |  Arizona |  Arkansas  |  California  |  Colorado  |  Connecticut  |  Delaware  |  District of Columbia  |  Florida |  Georgia  |  Hawaii  |  Idaho  |  Illinois  |  Indiana  |  Iowa  |  Kansas  |  Kentucky  |  Louisiana  |  Maine  |  Maryland  |  Massachusetts  |  Michigan  |  Minnesota  |  Mississippi  |  Missouri  |  Montana  |  Nebraska  |  Nevada  |  New Hampshire  |  New Jersey  |  New Mexico  |  New York  |  North Carolina  |  North Dakota  |  Ohio  |  Oklahoma  |  Oregon  |  Pennsylvania  |  Rhode Island  |  South Carolina  |  South Dakota  |  Tennessee  |  Texas  |  Utah  |  Vermont  |  Virginia  |  Washington  |  West Virginia  |  Wisconsin  |  Wyoming

Additional Resources

CISA Guidance 2.0 (Issued 3/28)  |  Federal CARES Act Summary
The Council of State Governments EOs List

DISCLAIMER: This information is provided for convenience only, and should not be relied upon in making decisions for your business.  As this is a rapidly changing area, reference should always be made to the official order and related interpretative guidance. If you have specific questions about how any particular jurisdiction’s Order affects your business, or other COVID-19 topics, please contact a member of the Holland & Knight’s COVID-19 Response Team – State and Local Orders and Regulations, noted with each state.


ALABAMA

Holland & Knight Summary of Order - Coming soon!
Executive Order - 
 Order of the State Health Officer - Amended 4/3/20
Closures - Closure of entertainment venues, athletic facilities, close-contact personal services businesses. Occupancy limits on essential retail. For non-essential businesses, no express requirement to close, but they are impacted by stay-at-home requirements.
Shelter in Place - All residents to stay at home, other than for essential activities (including work at essential business). FAQ
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential Business List.

ALASKA

Holland & Knight Summary of Health Mandate 12
Holland & Knight Summary of Health Mandate 11

Holland & Knight Summary of Health Mandate 7.1
 
Holland & Knight Summary of Health Mandate 9.1
State Mandates:
March 18, 2020: Mandate 3.1;  March 20, 2020: Mandate 7.1; March 23, 2020: Mandate 9.1; March 27, 2020 Mandate 11 (Stay at Home/Social Distancing); March 27, 2020 Mandate 12 (Intrastate Travel)
City/County Information:  Municipality of Anchorage Coronavirus Response 
Closures
- Closure of non-essential businesses.
Shelter in Place - All persons in Alaska, except for those engaged in essential health care services, public government services, and essential business activities, are mandated to remain at their place of residence and practice social distancing beginning March 28 at 5:00 p.m.
Travel - Intrastate travel is limited between communities to critical infrastructure or critical personal needs.
State Website Links - COVID-19 Health Mandates
Holland & Knight Contact for Alaska OrdersChristopher Slottee 

 

ARIZONA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order Coming Soon!
State Executive Order
Executive Order 2020-18 - Effective 3/31/20 at 5:00 pm
Closures - Nonessential businesses may only conduct activities which do not require in-person, onsite transactions
Stay at home - All Arizona residents to limit time away from home, except certain essential activities
Holland & Knight Contact for Arizona Orders - Jeffrey Harvey

CALIFORNIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive Order
-  Executive Order N-33-20 - Issued 3/19/20
Closure - Businesses not required to close, but as a practical matter are impacted by shelter in place requirements. 
Shelter in Place - All individuals to stay home, except as needed to maintain continuity of operation of the critical infrastructure sectors. [A number of California counties and cities, including San Francisco, Palm Springs, Los Angeles county and Los Angeles have shelter in place and business closure orders, which are more or less broad than the state level order.]
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Following CISA Guidance and California Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers List
State Website Links - Website for employers, employees and all Californians, as it relates to the coronavirus outbreak. Website for employers, employees and all Californians relating to the State Order.
Holland & Knight Contacts for California Orders -  Jennifer Hernandez, Letitia Moore, Brad Brownlow, Nicholas Targ, Andy Starrels and Ryan Leaderman

COLORADO

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order and Amended Public Health Order 20-24
State Executive Order
- Executive Order 2020-017 - Issued 3/25/20; Effective 3/26/20 at 6:00 am; Amended Public Health Order 20-24
Closure - Businesses other than Critical Businesses must temporarily suspend operation other than for Minimum Basic Operations.
Shelter in Place - All individuals currently living within the State of Colorado are ordered to stay at home whenever possible, subject to limited exceptions.  Exceptions include obtaining food, work at Critical Businesses, medical care, caring for dependents or pets.  
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The list of Critical Businesses is based on the CISA Guidance.
State Website Link - Website for State’s COVID-19 Business Emergency Response Unit
Holland & Knight Contact for Colorado OrdersSeth Belzley 

CONNECTICUT

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders 7H and 7J
State Executive Order -  Executive Order No. 7H - Issued 3/20/20; Executive Order No. 7J - Issued 3/22/20 
Closure - Non-essential or not for profit businesses to close in- person operations by 3/23/20 at 8 pm. Essential businesses may remain open. All businesses and not-for-profit businesses to use telecommuting to the maximum extent possible.
Shelter in Place - While the Executive Order is referred to by the Governor as “Stay Home, Stay Safe,” the restrictions are placed on businesses.  Typical restrictions on gatherings apply, but currently no state wide shelter in place requirement, as of March 25, 2020.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Definition of Essential Businesses – established by regulation.  Includes CISA sectors and others.
State Website Links State’s COVID-19 Business Emergency Response Unit 
Holland & Knight Contacts for Connecticut OrdersEvan Seideman and Steve Humes  

DELAWARE

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order (2nd and 3rd Modification)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order (4th Modification)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order (5th Modification)

State Executive Orders
-  Executive Order (4th Modification); Executive Order (5th Modification) - Both issued 3/22/20
Closure - All “Non-Essential Businesses” must close by 8:00 a.m. on 3/24/20.  All “Essential Businesses” are permitted to remain open, provided they abide by CDC guidelines.
Shelter in PlaceEffective 8:00 a.m. on 3/24/20, residents to shelter at home, with certain “Essential Activities,” “Essential Travel” and “Minimum Basic Operations” permitted.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Order (4th modification) includes definitions of “Essential Business” and “Non-Essential Business.” Order generally tracks entries in CISA Guidance, and references a spreadsheet based on NAICS classificationFAQ includes contact information and instructions for a petition to change classification. Order (5th modification) includes definitions of “Essential Activities,” “Essential Travel” and “Minimum Basic Operations.”
Holland & Knight Contacts for Delaware Orders -  Paul Jaskot and Valerie Brown

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Mayor's Executive Order
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order
State Executive Order
Mayor's Executive Order 2020-053 - Issued 3/24/20; Stay at Home Order Issued 3/30/20
Closure - All nonessential businesses to close.
Shelter in Place - Order issued 3/30/20, effective 4/1/20
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations.  Minimal reference to CISA Guidance.
City Website: Coronavirus website
Holland & Knight Contact for the District of Columbia OrdersJanene Jackson

FLORIDA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
Holland & Knight Summary of County and City Orders

State Executive Order - Executive Order 20-91 - Issued 4/1/20, Executive Order 20-83 - Issued 3/24/20
County/City Orders -  Multiple Local/City/County Orders - Issued 3/17/2020 to 3/26/2020 (See summary above.)
Closure – No order for business closures, but businesses are impacted by stay at home order. 
Shelter in Place – Seniors and those with serious medical conditions ordered to stay at home. Otherwise, residents “shall limit” their movements and personal interactions outside the home to activities only necessary to obtain or provide essential services or conduct essential activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential services are as defined in CISA, plus the list of essential services previously adopted by Miami-Dade orders.
Holland & Knight Contact for Florida Orders - Karen WalkerKimberly Case and Miguel de Grandy

GEORGIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order - Coming Soon!
State Executive Order - Executive Order - Issued 4/2/20, Effective 4/3 at 6:00 p.m.
Closure - All businesses other than critical infrastructure businesses to engage only in minimum basic operations.
Stay at Home - All residents to shelter in place, other than certain activities, including conducting or participating in Essential Services
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Critical infrastructure businesses defined by reference to the CISA Guidance, plus some additional businesses.

HAWAII

State Executive Order - Third Supplemental Proclamation - Issued 3/24/20
Closure - All nonessential businesses to close.  
Shelter in Place - All residents to stay at home, effective March 25, 2020 at 12:01 a.m.  Exceptions for those necessary to maintain critical infrastructure.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Refers to CISA Guidance.
State Website Links - Hawaii's COVID-19 website
Holland & Knight Contacts for Hawaii Orders - Curtis Sano 

IDAHO

Holland & Knight Summary of Idaho's Order to Self Isolate
State Executive Order
- Order to Self Isolate - Issued 3/25/20; Order FAQ
Closure - All nonessential businesses to close, except certain maintenance operations.  It is permitted to operate if all employees are working from home.
Shelter in Place - Residents to stay at home, with certain essential activities permitted.  
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations.  The order also incorporates CISA guidance.   
Holland & Knight Contacts for Idaho OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

ILLINOIS

Holland & Knight Summary of Shelter in Place Order 
Holland & Knight Alert - Illinois Executive Order on COVID-19 Calls for Residents to Stay Home, Some Businesses to Halt
State Executive Order
- COVID-19 – Public Health Order to Stay at Home – Issued 3/20/20 
Closure - All nonessential businesses to close, except certain maintenance operations.  
It is permitted to operate if all employees are working from home.  Executive order (March 20).
Shelter in Place - Residents to shelter at home, with certain essential activities permitted  Executive order (March 20).
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations.  No reference to CISA Guidance.
State Website Links - Governor's Press Release
Holland & Knight Contacts for Illinois Orders: Betsy Perdue and Trish Rich
 

INDIANA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive Order
Multiple Executive Orders related to COVID-19
Closure - Follows Illinois model
Shelter in Place - Follows Illinois model
State Website Links - State of Indiana's website
Holland & Knight Contacts for Indiana Orders - Betsy Perdue and Trish Rich

KANSAS

State Executive OrderKansas Exec Order 20-16 - Issued 3/28/20
Closure - No broad based business closures.  However, businesses are affected by stay-at-home order.
Shelter in Place - All residents to stay at home, except essential activities, including work for essential functions.  Effective 3/30/20 at 12:01 a.m.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Defined in EO 20-16 as Kansas Essential Function Framework (KEEF)
State Website Link - Kansas Department of Health COVID-19 website

KENTUCKY

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive Order
- Executive Order 2020-246 - Issued 3/22/20
Closure - All in-person retail businesses that are not “life-sustaining.” 
Shelter in Place - Not applicable, as of March 25, 2020.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order includes a chart detailing businesses that are or are not “life-sustaining.”  Does not reference CISA.
State Website Links - Kentucky's COVID-19 website
Holland & Knight Contacts for Kentucky OrdersMarissa Serafino

LOUISIANA

State Executive Order -  Proclamation Number 33 JBE 2020 - Issued 3/22/20; Effective 3/23/20 at 5:00 p.m.
Closure - All non-essential businesses. 
Shelter in Place - General stay at home order, other than certain permitted activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - State developed standard for “essential” businesses, and recognizes CISA Guidance.
State Website LinkWebsite for COVID-19, which includes guidance for businesses and FAQs. 
Holland & Knight Contacts for Louisiana OrdersBrad Hancock

MAINE

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
Holland & Knight Summary of Essential Businesses Order
State 
Executive Order
-  Executive Order No. 28 FY 19/20 - Effective on April 2, 2020 at 12:01 a.m.
Closure - Continues prior restrictions on nonessential businesses; additional restrictions on essential retail businesses, including numbers of customers.
Shelter in Place - All residents to stay at home other than for essential activities

MARYLAND

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 
State Executive Order
Executive Order and Interpretive Guidance - Issued 3/23/20 Stay at Home Amendment - Issued 3/30/20
Closure - All non-essential businesses effective at 5:00 p.m. on March 23. This order is not applicable to essential or critical industries.
Shelter in Place - The 3/23 order was not a stay at home order. However, was Amended as of 3/30 to include stay at home requirements.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The directive provides a non-exhaustive list of businesses that are “essential” under CISA Guidance and directs businesses to refer to CISA Guidance for more complete list. 
State Website LinkWebsite on Coronavirus Information for Businesses 
Holland & Knight Contact for Maryland OrdersJanene Jackson

MASSACHUSETTS

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 
State Executive Order
COVID-19 Order 13 re Essential Services - Issued 3/23/20, as amended by Order No. 21, Issued March 31, 2020.  Also see Exh A to Emergency Order
Closure - All businesses that do not provide “COVID-19 Essential Services” to close their physical locations.
Shelter in Place - No shelter in place requirement.  Advisories have been issued.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - List of “Essential Services” is based on CISA Guidance, but amended to “reflect the needs of Massachusetts’ unique economy.”
State Website LinkWebsite for Guidance and Directives related to the virus; Informational Hotline: 211
Holland & Knight Contacts for Massachusetts Orders - Jeff Mittleman and Diane McDermott

MICHIGAN

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State 
Executive Order
-  Executive Order 2020-21 (COVID-19) - Took effect on 3/24/20 at 12:01 am; continues through 4/13/20 at 11:59 pm
Closure - All businesses to temporarily suspend in-person operations that are not necessary to sustain or protect life. Certain notification requirements to employees.
Shelter in Place - All individuals currently living within the State of Michigan are ordered to stay at home or at their place of residence, subject to certain exceptions in Section 7.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Critical infrastructure workers are those defined under CISA Guidance.
State Website Link - Michigan's website for COVID-19 Updates
Holland & Knight Contacts for Michigan OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

MINNESOTA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive Order
- Executive Order 20-20 - Issued 3/25/20; Effective 3/27/20 at 11:59 p.m.
Closure - No specific business closures in this order.  As a practical matter, however, only workers in Critical Sector may leave homes to work.  No restriction on work from home in any field.
Shelter in Place - All persons ordered to stay at home or in their place of residence except to engage in certain permitted activities and Critical Sector work. 
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - List of Critical Sectors is in the order, based in part on CISA Guidance.
State Website Link - Minnesota's Department of Health website
Holland & Knight Contacts for Minnesota Orders - Betsy Perdue and Trisha Rich

MISSISSIPPI

State Executive Order Executive Order No. 1463 - Issued 3/24/20; Exec Order 1465, issued 3/31/20. 
Closure - Nonessential businesses in Lauderdale County to cease operations, other than certain minimal operations.
Shelter in Place - Residents of Lauderdale County to stay at home, with exceptions for certain activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential Businesses are identified in Exec Order 1463, and include CISA Guidance plus other businesses.

MISSOURI

Holland & Knight Summary of Order - Coming soon!
Executive Order - Order of the Director of the Department of Health and Senior Services - Effective 4/6/20
Closures/Restrictions - Non-essential businesses are subject to limits on gatherings.  Occupancy limits placed on retail businesses.
Shelter in Place - Residents “shall avoid” leaving their homes. Not prohibited from accessing essential services.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance - Based on CISA Guidance.

MONTANA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State 
Executive Order
- Executive Orders 2-2020 and 3-2020 - Issued 3/26/20
Closure - All nonessential businesses to close, except certain maintenance operations. Essential and non-essential businesses are permitted to operate if all employees are working from home.
Shelter in Place - Stay at home, with exceptions for essential activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The Directive includes definitions of essential activities, permitted governmental and other functions, and minimum basic operations. The Directive recognizes and incorporates CISA guidance.
State Website Link - Governor's Coronavirus Task Force
Holland & Knight Contacts for Montana Orders: Trish Rich and Betsy Perdue

NEVADA

Holland & Knight Summary of Emergency Directive 010
Holland & Knight Summary of Emergency Directive 007
Holland & Knight Summary of Emergency Directive 003
State Executive Order
- Governor's Directive 3,  Governor's Directive 7 - Issued 3/20/20 and Governor's Directive 10 - Effective 3/31/20
Closure - All non-essential businesses. Essential businesses must also meet certain requirements if they remain open.
Shelter in Place - All Nevadans ordered to stay at home, with limited exceptions
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The Department of Public Safety issued a corresponding regulation defining essential and non-essential businesses, which are not entirely aligned with CISA Guidance.
Holland & Knight Contact for Nevada Orders - Betsy Perdue 

NEW HAMPSHIRE

State Executive Order - Emergency Order # 17 Pursuant to Executive Order 2020-04  - Issued 3/26/20
Closure - All businesses and other organizations that do not provide Essential Services shall close their physical workplaces and facilities to workers, customers, and the public and cease all in-person operations as of 11:59 p.m. on March 27, 2020 and shall not re-open before May 4, 2020. 
Shelter in Place - Citizens required to stay in their place of residence.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential Services defined in Exhibit A
State Website Link - New Hampshire's COVID-19 website

NEW JERSEY

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 
State Executive Order
- Executive Order 107 - Issued 3/21/20
Closure - Brick and Mortar operations of retail businesses must close.  Certain notices to employees encouraged.
Shelter in Place - All residents to stay at home until further notice, Executive Order 107 (March 21)  
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order includes definitions of essential and non-essential businesses, which are summarized in this official FAQ.  operations. Not following CISA Guidance.
State Website Link - Website for COVID-19 Information Hub 
Holland & Knight Contacts for New Jersey OrdersPaul Jaskot, Sheila Shen, Nicole Tedesco and Paul Bond

NEW MEXICO

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive Order
Public Health Order. The state also released a FAQ. - Issued 3/23/20 
Closure - Closing all businesses and nonprofit entities except for those deemed essential. 
Shelter in Place - No shelter in place requirement, but advisory. [Newmexico.gov, 833-551-0518, will have a reporting mechanism to report non-compliance to the state.]
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential businesses listed.  Not Following CISA Guidance
State Website Link - State's coronavirus website
Holland & Knight Contacts for New Mexico OrdersJeff HarveyBrad Hancock and Lauren Becker

NEW YORK

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 
State Executive Order
-  Executive Order and Guidance - Issued 3/20/20 and Governor’s “New York State on Pause” 10 Point Plan
Closure - All non-essential businesses must close in-office personnel functions no later than 8 pm on March 22. Essential businesses may remain open.
All businesses and not-for-profit businesses to use telecommuting to the maximum extent possible.
Shelter in PlaceNo statewide shelter in place requirement. However, there are limits on all nonessential gatherings and requirements for social distancing.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential business, for purposes of the Executive Order, is defined in the Guidance, and does not follow CISA Guidance. If not expressly covered in the Guidance, businesses can request designation as an essential business by submitting this form.
State Website Link - New York's coronavirus website
Holland & Knight Contacts for New York OrdersAmy Leder, Stuart Saft, Steve Humes, Sarah Passeri, Nicole Tedesco and Sheila Shen

NORTH CAROLINA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive Orders
Executive Order No. 120 - Issued 3/23/20; Executive Order No. 121 - Issued 3/27/20; Effective 3/30/20 at 5 p.m.  
Closure - Essential businesses as defined in the Order may remain open. Other non-essential businesses must remain closed unless permitted by the Secretary of Revenue. Establishments required to close under Executive Order 120 must remain closed. 
Shelter in Place - Stay-at-Home Order issued March 27.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - FAQ and Guidance 
State Website Link - North Carolina COVID-19 website
Holland & Knight Contact for North Carolina Orders - Kevin Christmas and James King

OHIO

Holland & Knight Summary of Public Health Order 
State Executive OrderExecutive Order (stay-at-home order). The order went into effect at 11:59 pm on 3/23/20.  FAQ
Closure - All non-essential business and operations to cease. Essential businesses and operations may remain open, but must comply with social distancing requirements.
Shelter in PlaceAll residents to stay at home, except for certain permitted activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order lists “essential” businesses, which includes all the workers identified in the CISA Guidance. The order also includes a checklist for businesses/employers.
State Website LinkWebsite housing all COVID-19 information 
Holland & Knight Contacts for Ohio OrdersBetsy Perdue and Trish Rich

OKLAHOMA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order - Coming soon!
State Executive Order
- Fourth Amended Executive Order 2020-07 - Issued 3/24/20
Closure - Nonessential businesses must close; restaurants may stay open if they are carryout/delivery only.
Shelter in Place - Stay at home for 65+ and vulnerable populations, restrict gatherings.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential status based on CISA, and may be expanded. 

OREGON

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 
State Executive Order
Executive Order/Stay at Home Order - Issued 3/23/20
Limited Closure - Certain retail businesses, such as hair salons, furniture stores, etc. Includes required social distancing and workspace restrictions. 
Businesses and non-profits that fail to comply will be closed until they demonstrate compliance.
Shelter in Place - Includes requirement for residents to stay at home, subject to certain exceptions.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Applies to retail businesses.  Not Following CISA Guidance
State Website Link - Oregon's Coronavirus website
Holland & Knight Contacts for Oregon Orders - Dayna Underhill 

PENNSYLVANIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order re: Life Sustaining Businesses
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order
State Executive Order
- Governor's Order re Life Sustaining Businesses  - Issued 3/19/20; Governor's Stay at Home Order and Amendment - Issued 3/23/20; Amended 3/31/20
Closure - All businesses except for life-sustaining businesses. The order took effect on Monday, March 23 at 8 am.
Shelter in Place - No state wide order.  However, orders are in place to limit all non-life sustaining activities for residents of 33 counties: Allegheny, Beaver, Berks, Bucks, Butler, Cameron, Carbon, Centre, Chester, Crawford, Cumberland, Dauphin, Delaware, Erie, Forest, Franklin, Lackawanna, Lancaster, Lawrence, Lebanon, Lehigh, Luzerne, Monroe, Montgomery, Northampton, Philadelphia, Pike, Schuylkill, Somerset, Washington, Wayne, Westmoreland and York counties.  The original order took effect Monday March 23 at 8 pm and the most recently amended order took effect on March 31at 8 pm. **Philadelphia Mayor issued Orders to Stay at Home and cease all Essential Businesses that aligns with those restrictions set forth in the Governor’s Orders.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - List of “Life-Sustaining-Business” was included with the original order.  On March 24, amended to make consistent with the CISA Guidance. . Interpretations available by emailing ra-dcedcs@pa.gov. Waiver applications may be submitted online via a waiver application.
State Website LinkWebsite for Covid-19 information at state-level.
Holland & Knight Contacts for Pennsylvania OrdersPaul Jaskot, Marissa Serafino, Carolyn Short and Valerie Brown
 

RHODE ISLAND

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State 
Executive Order
Executive Order 20-09 - Issued 3/22/20; Executive Order 20-14 - Issued 3/28/20
Closure - All non-critical retail to close, effective 3/30
Shelter in Place - Shelter in Place: All residents to stay at home, other than essential activities.  Effective 3/28.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential businesses defined in EO 20-14.
Travel - "Any person coming to Rhode Island from another state for a non-work-related purpose must immediately self-quarantine for 14 days." (Does not apply to public health, public safety, or healthcare workers.)

VERMONT

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 
State Executive Order - Executive Order Addendum 6 - Issued 3/25/20
Closure - All businesses other than businesses and entities providing services or functions deemed critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security.  
Shelter in Place - All persons to stay at home, except for essential reasons such as: personal safety; groceries or medicine; curbside pick-up of goods, meals or beverages; medical care; exercise; care of others; and permitted work.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order contains a listing of critical businesses, and The Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development (ACCD), is to develop a process for responding to questions re businesses.
Holland & Knight Contacts for Vermont Orders - Betsy Perdue

VIRGINIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order No. 53 
State Executive Order -  Executive Order No. 53 and FAQs - Issued 3/23/20; Executive Order No. 55 - Issued 3/30/20
Limited Closure - Public entertainment, personal service businesses. Nonessential retail to limit brick-and-mortar operations to 10 patrons at a time.  Professional businesses open, but encouraged to telework.
Shelter at home -
All individuals required to stay in place of residence, except for permitted activities, effective 3/30/20.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - List of “Essential Businesses” was included with EO 53.  The order also includes a FAQs list for reference. 
State Website LinkWebsite for COVID-19 information at state level.
Holland & Knight Contacts for Virginia OrdersBill Gould and Angela Jimenez

TEXAS

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State Executive OrderTexas Executive Order GA-14 - Effective 12:01 a.m. on April 2, 2020
Closure - No statewide closure of non-essential businesses.
Shelter in Place - No mandatory stay at home.  Every person shall minimize social gatherings and in-person contact with people outside their household, except where necessary to obtain or provide essential services  
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Essential services include the CISA Guidance sectors, plus religious services.
State Website Link - Texas Coronavirus website
Holland & Knight Contacts for Texas Orders - Jeffrey Harvey and Bradley Hancock

WASHINGTON

Holland & Knight Summary of Proclamation 
State Executive Order
-  Proclamation with limited guidance and FAQs.
Closure - Close all businesses except essential businesses.
Shelter in Place - This Stay Home, Stay Healthy order is similar to orders that other governors issued. Requires every Washingtonian to stay home unless they need to pursue an essential activity. Bans all gatherings for social, spiritual and recreational purposes.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - List of Essential businesses “Essential businesses”  was included with the order 
State Website Link - Website for COVID-19 information.
Holland & Knight Contacts for Illinois OrdersDayna Underhill 

WEST VIRGINIA

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order
State 
Executive Order
- Executive Order 9-20 - Issued 3/23/20
Closure - All non-essential businesses other than for specified activities to maintain minimum basic operations. Exceptions for certain home businesses and small businesses that are not open to the general public, provided that proper social distancing and hygiene is maintained.
Shelter in Place - Individuals must stay at home/or their place of residence unless performing specified essential activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Following CISA Guidance; provides a list of industries, businesses and/or workers employed in such industries and business, in addition to what is provided in the CISA Guidance, to be specifically included as Essential Businesses and Operations. 
State Website Link - Website for COVID-19 informationWebsite providing for news, press releases and orders relating to the Governor’s actions.
Holland & Knight Contacts for West Virginia OrdersPaul Jaskot, Marissa Serafino, Carolyn Short and Valerie Brown
 

WISCONSIN

Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 12 
State Executive Order
Emergency Order #12 - Issued 3/24/02 and Emergency Order #8 - Issued 3/20/20
Closure - All nonessential businesses to close, except certain maintenance operations.  Non-essential businesses are permitted to operate if all employees are working from home.   
Shelter in Place - Residents to shelter at home, with certain essential activities permitted.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - The order includes definitions of essential activities, essential government functions, and minimum basic operations.  The order also incorporates CISA guidance.  
Holland & Knight Contact for Wisconsin Orders - Trisha Rich and Betsy Perdue

WYOMING

State Executive Order - Public Health Order #2; Public Health Order #3; Continuation of Public Health Order for Restaurants, Gyms, Theaters, Schools - All updated 3/27/20
Closure - Limited closure: personal service, theaters, gyms, schools, etc
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance - Businesses defined in Continuation of Public Health Order and Public Health Order #3.
State Website Link - Wyoming's COVID-19 website