U.S. state and local governments continue to issue new orders regarding closure of nonessential businesses and sheltering at home. Understanding and keeping track of these requirements is important to all businesses. In addition to our general COVID-19 Resource Team offerings, Holland & Knight has created state-by-state summaries of the major executive orders, mandates and proclamations, as well as links to the official documents. This information is updated on a regular basis, so please check back frequently during the course of the pandemic.
Alabama* | Alaska* | Arizona* | Arkansas* | California* | Colorado* | Connecticut* | Delaware* | District of Columbia* | Florida* | Georgia* | Hawaii* | Idaho* | Illinois* | Indiana* | Iowa* | Kansas* | Kentucky* | Louisiana* | Maine* | Maryland* | Massachusetts | Michigan* | Minnesota* | Mississippi* | Missouri* | Montana* | Nebraska* | Nevada* | New Hampshire* | New Jersey* | New Mexico* | New York* | North Carolina* | North Dakota* | Ohio* | Oklahoma* | Oregon* | Pennsylvania* | Rhode Island* | South Carolina* | South Dakota* | Tennessee* | Texas* | Utah* | Vermont* | Virginia* | Washington* | West Virginia* | Wisconsin* | Wyoming*
*Recently added a Back to Business Order
Holland & Knight’s Guidance for Returning to the Workplace
A series of alerts focused on return-to-work issues.
DISCLAIMER: This information is provided for convenience only, and should not be relied upon in making decisions for your business. As this is a rapidly changing area, reference should always be made to the official order and related interpretative guidance. If you have specific questions about how any particular jurisdiction’s Order affects your business, or other COVID-19 topics, please contact a member of the Holland & Knight’s COVID-19 Response Team – State and Local Orders and Regulations, noted with each state.
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Order (Updated 5/11/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Stay at Home Order (superseded)
State Executive Order – Order of the State Health Officer (Back to Business) - Amended 4/28/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Closure of entertainment venues, athletic facilities, close-contact personal services businesses. For non-essential businesses, no express requirement to close, but they have been impacted by stay-at-home requirements. Alabama began easing rules effective 4/30/20, including retail (50% of capacity)
Shelter in Place – Starting 4/30/20, order was changed from a stay at home order to persons being "encouraged to exercise personal responsibility."
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential Business List (Eliminated 4/30/20)
State Reopening Plan – Process to Reopen Alabama
Holland & Knight Contact for Alabama Orders – Betsy Perdue
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Mandates (through Phase 3/4) (Updated 6/28/20)
State Mandates – Alaska Health Mandates
City/County Information – Municipality of Anchorage Coronavirus Response
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential businesses were closed. Reopening orders permit them to reopen, subject to different precautions for different types of businesses.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home order is no longer in effect.
Travel – Intrastate travel is limited between communities to critical infrastructure or critical personal needs. Travel from outside the state is subject to self quarantine requirements.
State Website Links – COVID-19 Health Mandates
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Reopen Alaska Responsibly
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Orders (Updated 7/3/2020)
State Executive Order – Executive Order 20-13 (Closures) - Issued 4/4/20 (superseded 5/5/20); Executive Order 20-25 - Issued 5/5/20; Executive Order 20-37 - Issued 6/18/20; Executive Order 20-41 - Issued 7/3/20; DOH Directives
Closures/Re-openings – Certain personal care, athletic and entertainment businesses/venues were closed, restaurants limited to carryout and delivery. Businesses permitted to reopen in phases, starting 5/4/20, subject to DOH directives.
Stay at Home – No stay-at-home provisions imposed
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Arkansas Ready
Holland & Knight Contact for Arkansas Orders – Jeffrey Harvey
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Phase I and Phase II Reopening Rules and Executive Orders (Updated 6/25/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders 7H and 7J
State Executive Orders – Executive Order No. 7H - Issued 3/20/20; Executive Order No. 7J - Issued 3/22/20; Executive Order No 7MM (Back to Business) - Issued 5/12/20; Executive Order 7PP (Back to Business) - Issued 5/19/20; Executive Order 7TT - Issued 5/29/20; Executive Order No. 7ZZ (Back to Business Phase 2) - Issued 6/16/20; Executive Order No. 7BBB (travel restrictions) - Issued 6/24/20
All State Executive Orders – Emergency Orders issued by the Governor and State Agencies
Closure/Re-Opening – Non-essential or not for profit businesses were to close in- person operations by 3/23/20 at 8 pm. Reopening Phase I commenced 5/20/20. Reopening Phase II commenced 6/17/20.
Shelter in Place – While Executive Order 7H is referred to by the Governor as “Stay Home, Stay Safe,” there were no stay at home orders. Typical restrictions on gatherings apply, but currently no state wide shelter in place requirement.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Definition of Essential Businesses – established by regulation. Includes CISA sectors and others.
State Website Links – Connecticut COVID-19 Response
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Sector Rules and Certification for Reopen
Holland & Knight Contacts for Connecticut Orders – Evan Seideman and Steve Humes
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Orders (Back to Business) (Updated 6/30/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 20-91
Holland & Knight Summary of County and City Orders
State Executive Orders – Executive Order 20-91 - Issued 4/1/20, Executive Order 20-83 - Issued 3/24/20; Executive Order 20-112 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/29/20; Executive Order 20-120, Executive Order 20-122, Executive Order 20-123 - All three effective 5/18/20; Executive Order 20-131 - Issued 5/22/20; Executive Order 20-139 - Issued 6/3/20
County/City Orders – Multiple Local/City/County Orders - Issued 3/17/2020 to 3/26/2020 (See summary above.)
Closures/Re-Openings – No order for business closures, but businesses were affected by stay-at-home order. Re-openings of certain businesses commenced in phases beginning 5/4/20. Phase 2 started 6/5/20.
Shelter in Place – Seniors and those with serious medical conditions ordered to stay at home. Otherwise, residents "shall limit" their movements and personal interactions outside the home to activities only necessary to obtain or provide essential services or conduct essential activities and certain re-opened activities.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential services are as defined in CISA, plus the list of essential services previously adopted by Miami-Dade orders.
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Plan for Florida's Recovery
Holland & Knight Contact for Florida Orders – Karen Walker, Kimberly Case and Miguel de Grandy
Holland & Knight Summary of Order
Executive Order – Order of the Director of the Department of Health and Senior Services - Effective 4/6/20; Order of the Director of the Department of Health and Senior Services (Economic Re-Opening Phase 1) - Effective 5/4/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential businesses have been subject to limits on gatherings. Occupancy limits placed on retail businesses. Starting 5/4/20, restrictions are being eased.
Shelter in Place – Residents “shall avoid” leaving their homes. Not prohibited from accessing essential services.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Based on CISA Guidance.
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Directive for Reopening (Updated 4/22/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Directive for Stay at Home
State Executive Orders – Directive for Stay at Home - Issued 3/26/20; Directive for Reopening - Issued 4/22/20
Closure/Re-Openings – All nonessential businesses were closed, except certain maintenance operations and work from home. Reopening order allows reopening with specific guidelines for each type of business.
Shelter in Place – Stay at home, with exceptions for essential activities. Now limited to 65+ and vulnerable.
Essential Business/Life-Sustaining Business Definitions and Guidance – The Directive includes definitions of essential activities, permitted governmental and other functions, and minimum basic operations. The Directive recognizes and incorporates CISA guidance.
State Website Link – Governor's Coronavirus Task Force
Holland & Knight Contacts for Montana Orders – Trish Rich and Betsy Perdue
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Directed Health and Back to Business Measures (Updated 5/15/20)
State Measures – DHHS Directed Health Measures
Closures/Re-Openings – Closures and reopenings determined by Directed Health Measures, on a county by county basis.
Shelter in Place – No general stay at home order. Self-quarantine requirements on a county by county basis.
State Website Link – DHHS Directed Health Measures
State Reopening Plan – Reopening Nebraska Guidance
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Order 2020-06.4 (Updated 4/30/20)
State Executive Orders – Executive Order No. 2020-06 – Issued 3/19/20 (later amended and extended); Executive Order No. 2020-06.4 (Back to Business) - Issued 4/29/20
Closures/Re-Openings – Certain businesses were closed commencing 3/20/20 or 3/28/20 (including personal care facilities, amusement venues, etc). Restaurants were closed to on-site dining. Effective 5/1/20, many businesses re-open, subject to compliance with certain protocols.
Shelter in Place – No order
Essential Business – N/A
State Re-Opening Plan Link – ND Smart Restart
Holland & Knight Contacts for North Dakota Orders – Betsy Perdue and Trish Rich
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders (Updated 7/7/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-18
State Executive Orders – Executive Order 2020-18; Executive Order 2020-19 - Both Issued 4/6/2020; Executive Order 2020-21; Executive Order (Back to Business) 2020-28 - Issued 4/20/20; Executive Order 2020-30 - Issued 5/1/20; Executive Order 2020-31 - Issued 5/3/20; Executive Order 2020-34 - Issued 5/8/20; Executive Order 2020-36 - Issued 5/15/20; Executive Order 2020-40 - Issued 6/11/20
Shelter in Place – No stay at home order. Individuals are "urged" to limit interaction and to practice social distancing.
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-Essential Businesses were closed. Starting 4/20/20, businesses started to re-open in phases.
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Accelerate SC
Essential Businesses – Executive Order 2020-18 provides a list of Non-Essential Businesses.
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order 2020-20 (Back to Normal Plan) (Updated 5/5/20)
State Executive Orders – Executive Order 2020-12 (Replaced by EO 2020-20) - Issued 4/6/2020; Executive Order 2020-20 - Issued 4/28/2020
Closures/Re-Openings – Non-essential business never ordered to close. Executive Order 2020-20 provides guidance to businesses and individuals with regard to easing any self-imposed restrictions.
Stay at Home – South Dakota did not issue a stay-at-home order. Executive Order 2020-20 encourages individuals to consider CDC guidelines and adhere to local restrictions.
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Back to Normal, South Dakota
*NEW* Holland & Knight Summary of Back to Business Executive Orders (Updated 7/2/20)
Holland & Knight Summary of Executive Order GA-14 (Expired 4/30/20)
State Executive Orders – Texas Executive Order GA-14 (Expired 4/30/20) - Effective 12:01 a.m. on April 2, 2020; Texas Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-18 - Effective April 27, 2020 (Superseded 5/5/20); Texas Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-21 - Effective May 5, 2020 (Superseded 5/18/20); Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-23 - Effective 5/18/20 (expired 6/3/20); Executive Order (Back to Business) GA-26 - Effective 6/3/20 (Superseded 6/26/20); Executive Order GA-27 (Hospital capacity) - Issued 6/25/20; Executive Order GA-28 (Pause of reopening) - Issued 6/26/20; Executive Order GA-29 (Mask order) - Issued 7/2/20
Closures/Re-Openings – No mandated closure of non-essential businesses, but had been impacted by prior stay at home provisions. Re-opening in phases, subject to various requirements, including 50% capacity limit for most businesses. "Pause" or rollback of certain re-opening provisions was implemented beginning 6/26/20.
Shelter in Place – No mandatory stay at home. Restrictions on gatherings.
Essential Business Definitions and Guidance – Essential services include the CISA Guidance sectors, plus religious services
State Website Link – Texas Coronavirus website
State Re-Opening Plan Link – Governor's Strike Force to Open Texas
Holland & Knight Contacts for Texas Orders – Jeffrey Harvey and Bradley Hancock
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