Norma Krayem is a senior policy advisor in Holland & Knight's Washington, D.C., office and chair of the firm's Global Cybersecurity and Privacy Policy and Regulation Team, as well as a member of the Public Policy & Regulation Group. Ms. Krayem provides strategic advice on key issues in a range of areas, including homeland security, transportation, defense, international trade and environmental, as well as appropriations issues for all aspects of critical infrastructure. She also focuses on the impacts of cyber and privacy issues on the banking and financial services, energy, communications, health, transportation and other critical sectors. Ms. Krayem has more than 20 years of experience addressing major issues within the national policy-making arena and has worked both in and with state, local and federal governments, as well as Fortune 500 clients to develop strategies designed to build and maintain a competitive edge.

During her extensive career in Washington, D.C., Ms. Krayem has held executive-level positions in the U.S. Departments of State, Commerce and Transportation, and was a consultant at the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). She has provided key insight and guidance to major officials at the White House, in Congress, and at state and local levels around the country. Ms. Krayem has worked closely on the passage of significant homeland security, transportation and trade legislation, including the creation of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS). During her tenure working with these agencies, she was involved in nearly 100 bilateral trade and aviation-related negotiations as well.

As deputy chief of staff at the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), Ms. Krayem provided strategic oversight and advised the secretary on domestic and international policy, regulatory, legislative, budget, safety and security issues impacting the aviation, maritime, rail, highway, transit, pipeline and motor carrier sectors. While at DOT,  Ms. Krayem also served as the chief of staff and acting deputy administrator of the Federal Railroad Administration at DOT. There, she focused on freight railroad safety matters, Amtrak, high-speed rail corridors and maglev issues, in addition to broader passenger and rail matters. Ms. Krayem served as the director of special projects at the U.S. Department of State working on the G7 the first year Russia was allowed to attend the Summit (later known as the G8). She worked directly with the member countries on the planning and implementation of the G7, which included Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom, as well as Russia.

Ms. Krayem has also held various senior positions at the U.S. Department of Commerce, within both the Office of the Secretary and the International Trade Administration. During that time, she focused her efforts on counseling state and local government, as well as private sector companies, on exporting fundamentals, which included identification of export finance opportunities with partner agencies such as the Export Import (EXIM) Bank and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC); understanding export controls governed by agencies such as the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS); and helping companies find matchmaking opportunities around the globe.

Ms. Krayem works on a daily basis with the executive branch, Congress and the White House on a host of matters, including those pertaining to the U.S. Departments of State, Homeland Security, Commerce, Defense, Treasury, Housing and Urban Development, Education, and the Environmental Protection Agency, among others. She also works extensively with key congressional committees, including Armed Services, Appropriations, Banking, Commerce, Foreign Relations, Homeland Security, International Affairs, Judiciary, Transportation and Infrastructure, and Ways and Means.

Ms. Krayem uses her diverse and comprehensive experience to help public and private sector clients navigate complex national and international issues. Having worked on more than 100 bilateral and multilateral agreements during her career, she helps private sector clients navigate the intricacies of international diplomacy and substantive policy challenges. Ms. Krayem introduces leading-edge approaches and tools to clients in order to help them think about economic development and infrastructure development through the use of innovative finance, public-private partnerships (P3), and intermodal and multimodal development. Ms. Krayem also works with Fortune 500 clients to understand and integrate in dynamic technology solutions, such as the use of FinTech, multifactor authentication tools and to understand the policy and regulatory regime that goes with these solutions. Using her knowledge of the ongoing use of "Big Data" and the "Internet of Things," she helps clients focus on gaining a broader awareness and understanding of the need for both "privacy by design" as well as "security by design."

Ms. Krayem has extensive experience dealing with a number of national security issues, including those involving port, cargo and supply chain security; international aviation; emergency communications and interoperability needs; emergency preparedness and response capabilities; border security issues; the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States; avian flu and pandemic preparedness; as well as U.S.-VISIT and other biometric-related programs.

Ms. Krayem began her career in Connecticut working for the speaker of the house and deputy majority leader, where she focused on higher-education issues, banking and financial services, as well as broader economic development issues. She is a veteran of five presidential campaigns and two presidential inaugural committees.

Quoted Articles

  • "NIST Framework Could be Harbinger of U.S. Privacy Rules," Global Data Review, September 23, 2019
  • "Voter Privacy Act Unlikely to Affect 2020 U.S. Presidential Race," Global Data Review, August 6, 2019
  • "Bipartisan Bill Would Extend HIPAA Protections to Tech Industry," Global Data Review, June 26, 2019
  • "2019 Outlook: EU to Extend Privacy Stance with Bilateral Pacts," Bloomberg Law, December 27, 2018
  • "Can't Afford A Security Chief? Here Are The Alternatives," Healthcare Finance, October 22, 2018 
  • "U.S.-Mexico Trade Pact Aims to Allow Banks to Move Data," Bloomberg Law, August 28, 2018
  • "Trump Privacy Pitch May See Public Input on Way to Congress," Bloomberg Law, July 31, 2018
  • "ISAO SO Examines Impact of International Standards on Info-Sharing," Inside Cybersecurity, July 27, 2018
  • "ISAO Standards Group Discusses EU GDPR Challenges, Exemptions," Inside Cybersecurity, July 26, 2018
  • "EU-U.S. Work on Police Access to Data Hits Roadblocks," POLITICO, June 4, 2018
  • "House Appropriators Would Task FDA with Limiting Spread of Cyber Threats," Inside Cybersecurity, June 1, 2018
  • "Construction Industry Can't Ignore Growing Hacking Threats," Law360, May 16, 2018
  • "Pillars of Potential," Atlanta Business Chronicle's P20 Special Section, May 11-17, 2018
  • "China Telecom Companies May Face Federal Ban Over Security Fears," Bloomberg Government, May 4, 2018
  • "Senators Say Facebook's Actions Will Help Determine Next Steps on Possible Legislation," Inside Cybersecurity, April 19, 2018
  • "Tech Giants Vow to Fight State Sponsored Hacking," Energywire, April 18, 2018
  • "AI: Tech’s Alpha Trend," SmartUp, April 16, 2018
  • "New FTC Nominees Lack Consumer Privacy, Security Experience," Bloomberg BNA, January 29, 2018
  • "Human Control of Self-Driving Cars on Policymakers’ Radar," Bloomberg Government, January 11, 2018
  • "Shipping Must Confront Onboard Systems' Cyber Vulnerabilities," IHS Fairplay, December 7, 2017
  • "Runaway Ransomware in 2018? Look for Enforcers to Take Note," Bloomberg Government, December 5, 2017
  • "Massive Equifax, Yahoo Breaches May Push National Notice Standard," Bloomberg BNA, November 8, 2017
  • "ISAO Standards Group Offers Lawyers Guidance on Sharing Cyber-threat Information," Inside Cybersecurity, September 22, 2017
  • "FTC Takes First EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Enforcement Actions," Bloomberg BNA, September 8, 2017
  • "Hacked Off," Splash 24/7, August 24, 2017
  • "Cyber Awareness – Expecting Cyber Attacks," KNect365 Maritime, August 18, 2017
  • "Maersk Cyber Attack Sharpens Regulatory Focus," IHS Fairplay, July 20, 2017
  • "IoT Risks Pose Major Challenges For Both Data Security and Policymaking," Inside Cybersecurity, July 17, 2017
  • "Cyberattack on Maersk Underscores Need for Global Strategy," JOC, June 28, 2017
  • "Maritime Cyber Policy In Spotlight After Maersk Attack," IHS, June 27, 2017
  • "Trump Seeks $967M for FY 2018 DHS Cybersecurity Operations," Bloomberg BNA, May 23, 2017
  • "8 Experts Weigh In on Cybersecurity in Shipping & Maritime," KNect365 Maritime, April 9, 2017
  • "House Commerce Democrats Bow Trio of FCC-Centric Cybersecurity Bills," Communications Daily, March 3, 2017
  • "Draft EO Language on Communications Sector-Centric Botnets Effort Draws Mixed Reviews," Communications Daily, March 1, 2017
  • "U.S. Raises Bar on Maritime Cyber Reporting," IHS Fairplay, January 19, 2017
  • "Obama Exit Memos Feature Cybersecurity; Trump Take on Next Steps Unclear," Bloomberg BNA, January 6, 2017
  • "U.S. Treasury Sanctions Russians Over Alleged Cybercrimes Against Companies," Bloomberg BNA, December 30, 2016
  • "Cybersecurity Report Offers Mixed Bag For Businesses," Law360, December 6, 2016
  • "Trump Should Follow Obama’s Cybersecurity Lead: Analysts," Bloomberg BNA, December 6, 2016 
  • "Trump Administration More Likely to Have Role on Cybersecurity Policymaking Than IP," LexisNexis, November 14, 2016
  • "Congress Likely to Explore IoT Cybersecurity Next Year, Lobbyists Say," Communications Daily, October 27, 2016
  • "Bridging the Trans-Atlantic Data Divide: Privacy Shield and What's Next," Politico, October 11, 2016
  • "Cybersecurity Issues, Privacy Concerns Getting More Play in 2016 Campaign," Communications Daily, July 28, 2016
  • "U.S.-EU Privacy Shield Encourages Companies To Act Soon," Wall Street Journal Risk & Compliance Journal, July 25, 2016
  • "Trump v. Clinton Doesn’t Have Cybersecurity Focus, but Hack Might Influence Election," Bloomberg BNA, July 15, 2016
  • "Hillary Clinton Calls for Stronger Cybersecurity Measures," Bloomberg BNA, June 28, 2016 
  • "Most 2016 Presidential Candidates View Cybersecurity as National Security Issue," Bloomberg BNA, March 29, 2016
  • "IT Keeps Transportation Industry Moving," MeriTalk, March 25, 2016
  • "Privacy Agreement Adds New Compliance Tests," The Wall Street Journal, March 1, 2016
  • "Senate Passes Amended Judicial Redress Act; Prerequisite for U.S.-EU Umbrella Agreement," Bloomberg BNA, February 11, 2016
  • "White House Cybersecurity National Action Plan Seen Capping Administration Actions," Washington Internet Daily, February 10, 2016
  • "Senate Takes Cyber Push to Corporate Boardrooms," The Hill, February 2, 2016
  • "Senate Judiciary Amends, OKs Redress Act in Support of U.S.-EU Data Transfer Pact, Bloomberg BNA, January 29, 2016
  • "Little Cybersecurity Lobbying Drop-off Expected in 2016," Communications Daily, January 25, 2016
  • "Senators take cyber push to corporate boardrooms," The Hill, January 27, 2016
  • "FDA Seeks Comment on Device Cybersecurity Guidance," Bloomberg BNA, January 15, 2016
  • "Congress Likely To Retain Interest in Cybersecurity in 2016, But No Major Legislation Expected," Communications Daily, January 4, 2016
  • "Prediction 2016: Privacy Remains a Top Risk," Inside Counsel, January 1, 2016 
  • "EU Data Law Shows Way Forward for Next Safe Harbor Agreement," The Wall Street Journal, December 18, 2015
  • "Cybersecurity Act Near Certain To Remain in Omnibus; White House Response Less Clear," Communications Daily, December 18, 2015
  • "Cyber Bill Excludes ‘Regulatory' Language Opposed by Banks," Bloomberg BNA, December 16, 2015
  • "Compromise Cyber Bill Excludes ‘Regulatory' Language," Bloomberg BNA, December 16, 2015
  • "What keeps America’s computer experts up at night," Politico, December 2015
  • "Conference Cybersecurity Information Sharing Bill Text Likely Going Public Amid Opposition," Communications Daily, December 8, 2015
  • "Safe Harbor Ruling Leaves Companies with Imperfect Alternatives," The Wall Street Journal, December 8, 2015
  • "Telecoms Seen Seeking Combination of House, Senate Cybersecurity Info-Sharing Provisions in Conference Bill," Communications Daily, October 29, 2015
  • "Senate Passes Cyber Bill, Prepares for Talks With House," Bloomberg BNA, October 27, 2015
  • "Senate Passes First Major Cyber Bill in Years," The Hill, October 27, 2015
  • "Senators Widen Differences With House on Cybersecurity," Bloomberg BNA, October 21, 2015
  • "Obama Cyber Sanctions Could Spur Chinese Backlash," The Hill, September 15, 2015
  • "Cybersecurity Bill No Silver Bullet Amid Increasing Attacks," Law360, September 8, 2015
  • "White House Readies Cyber Sanctions Against China Ahead of State Visit," CNN Politics, August 31, 2015
  • “Clock Running Out in Congress for National Data Breach Bills," Los Angeles Daily Journal, August 24, 2015
  • "Jeep, Tesla Hacks Spur Automakers To Confront Cybersecurity," Law360, August 7, 2015
  • "Senate Cybersecurity Bill Revised to Boost Prospects," Bloomberg BNA, August 3, 2015
  • "Cyber Bill Sponsors Reach Deal to Help Speed Senate Passage," The Hill, August 3, 2015
  • "McConnell Pushing for Senate Vote Next Week on Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act," Communications Weekly, July 31, 2015
  • "Senators Unveil Bill Addressing OPM Hack," Bloomberg BNA, July 23, 2015
  • "Cyber Experts Fear Blackmail In Wake Of Gov't Data Breach," Law360, July 10, 2015
  • "Morning Cybersecurity," Politico, June 10, 2015
  • "OPM Breach Increases Attention on Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act, But Influence on Bill's Prospects Called Unclear," Communications Daily, June 9, 2015
  • "China Denies 'Biggest Hack in US History'," The Times, June 6, 2015
  • "New Snowden Docs Could Derail Info Sharing Bill Back," Politico, June 5, 2015
  • "Surveillance reform could tee up cyber bill," The Hill, May 31, 2015
  • "House Passes National Cybersecurity Protection Advancement Act, Will Combine With Earlier Bill," Communications Daily, April 24, 2015
  • "Senate's NSA Skirmish Stalling Cyber Bill," The Hill, April 23, 2015
  • "House Votes to Boost Industry Sharing of Cyberthreat Data, with DHS in Key Role," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, April 23, 2015
  • "Cybersecurity Info Sharing Bills Seen Likely to Pass House, but Potential for Contentious Debate Remains," Communications Daily, April 21, 2015
  • "Industry groups on verge of cyber win," The Hill, April 21, 2015
  • "House Leader Hopeful About Getting Cybersecurity Measure to Obama's Desk," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, April 13, 2015
  • "IPTF Request for Cybersecurity Input Seen Continuing Earlier Work," Communications Daily, April 10, 2015
  • "Business-Backed Cyber Bill Getting Down to the Wire," CFO Magazine, April 6, 2015
  • "Lawmakers in cybersecurity rush," The Hill, April 5, 2015
  • "Obama order hailed as bold move against Cyberthreats from overseas," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, April 1, 2015
  • "Obama Budget Proposal Would Boost Cybersecurity Spending," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, February 2, 2015
  • "More than a Honk," Corporate Counsel, February 1, 2015
  • "SEC weighs cybersecurity disclosure rules," The Hill, January 14, 2015
  • "2015 Outlook: Communications, Privacy, and E-Commerce – Sony Attack Seen as Fueling High-Stakes Debate on Cybersecurity," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, January 6, 2015
  • "Sony fallout will focus new Congress on cyber," Politico, January 5, 2015
  • "Cyber breakthrough eludes lawmakers," The Hill, December 14, 2014
  • "Rockefeller Cybersecurity Bill Joins Flurry of Measures Sent to President," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, December 12, 2014
  • "Senate Passes Bill to Codify DHS Role in Cyberthreat Data Sharing," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, December 10, 2014
  • "Issa Rejects Senate-Passed Measure to Overhaul Federal Information Security," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, December 10, 2014
  • "Car Talk: Sharp Turns Ahead," The National Law Journal, December 1, 2014
  • "Cyber breaches could prompt cooperation in Congress," Business Insurance, November 23, 2014
  • "After the Lame Duck, Cyber starts from Square One," Politico, November 11, 2014
  • "Uphill start for cyber in new Congress," The Hill, November 10, 2014
  • "Johnson Considered Lead Candidate to Chair Senate Homeland Security," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, November 5, 2014
  • "Senate Passes Cybersecurity Bill As Part of Border Patrol Pay Measure," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, September 19, 2014
  • "Obama's one-stop-shop," Infrastructure Investor, September 2014
  • "Congress leaves, cyber bills unfinished," Politico, August 1, 2014
  • "House Passes Bill to Clarify DHS Role as Cybersecurity Partner to Industry," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, July 28, 2014
  • "Cyberattack questions emerging in TRIA Reauthorization Bill Debate," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, July 15, 2014
  • "Outlook for Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act Markup Seen as Unclear," Communications Daily, June 26, 2014
  • "FCC Seen to Have at Least Title I Authority on Cybersecurity," Communications Daily, June 24, 2014
  • "Senate Committees Gear Up for Action on Cybersecurity Bills," Bloomberg BNA Daily Report for Executives, June 23, 2014
  • "An Electrifying Threat," Risk and Insurance, April 2014
  • "Cybersecurity Framework Voluntary…For Now," Communications Daily, March 10, 2014
  • "Framework Release May Increase Awareness of Cybersecurity Issues Among Senior Executives," Reuters, February 12, 2014


  • The George Washington University, M.P.A., State and Local Policy Analysis
  • University of Connecticut, B.A.
  • Information Sharing and Analysis Organization Standards Organization (ISAO SO), Privacy and Security Working Group, Co-Chair; International Cybersecurity Working Group, Co-Chair
  • Chatham House, The Royal Institute of International Affairs
  • Women in Cybersecurity (WiCys)
  • WTS International
  • American Bar Association, Section on Air and Space; and Section on Public Utility, Communications and Transportation; Homeland Security
  • Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Non-Resident, Senior Affiliate, Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Advisory Committee
  • Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Member, Cybersecurity Task Force, Co-Chaired by Congressman Mike McCaul (R-TX) and Senator Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
  • American Society for Public Administration


Speaking Engagements