March 9, 2021

FCA Announces Future Cessation and Non-Representativeness of Libor Benchmarks

Holland & Knight Alert
Douglas I. Youngman

As widely expected, the United Kingdom's Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), the regulator for Libor (the London Interbank Offered Rate), has issued an announcement confirming that all 35 Libor benchmark settings currently published by the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) Benchmark Administration (IBA), the authorized administrator for Libor, will either cease to be provided or will no longer be representative after certain specified dates. This Holland & Knight alert provides a brief summary of this recent development regarding the cessation of Libor benchmarks.

Permanent Cessation

In accordance with the FCA's announcement, the following 26 Libor settings will permanently cease as of the corresponding dates set forth below:

  • All seven euro Libor settings, all seven Swiss franc Libor settings, the Spot Next, one-week, two‑month and 12-month Japanese yen Libor settings, the overnight, one-week, two-month and 12-month sterling Libor settings, and the one-week and two-month U.S. dollar (USD) Libor settings will cease immediately after Dec. 31, 2021.
  • Overnight and 12-month USD Libor settings will cease immediately after June 30, 2023.

The FCA has indicated that it does not intend to use any of its proposed powers to require ICE to continue publication of the 26 above-mentioned rates after the corresponding dates.


In addition, the FCA's announcement specifies that the following additional nine Libor settings will no longer be representative of the underlying market and economic reality that each such setting is intended to measure and such representativeness will not be restored after the corresponding dates set forth below:

  • One-month, three-month and six-month Japanese yen Libor settings and one-month, three-month and six-month sterling Libor settings will no longer be representative immediately after Dec. 31, 2021.
  • One-month, three-month and six-month USD Libor settings will no longer be representative immediately after June 30, 2023.

The FCA intends to consult on requiring IBA to continue to publish the nine above-mentioned rates on a "synthetic" basis following the dates set forth above. Any such "synthetic" rates would, according to the FCA, provide "a fair approximation of what panel bank Libor would have been beyond the end-dates for each of the panels." The announcement reiterates that any such "synthetic" rates would not be representative of the underlying market, but would be intended to "protect customers and market integrity by reducing disruption in markets where it is unlikely to be feasible to convert certain outstanding contracts that reference Libor to alternative reference rates."

No Fallback at This Time

This announcement does not trigger any fallback conversions at this time under the International Swaps and Derivatives Association's (ISDA) recently enacted fallback provisions for derivatives, nor does it trigger any fallback conversions at this time under the recommended fallback provisions for USD Libor cash products published by the New York Federal Reserve Bank's Alternative Reference Rates Committee (ARRC). However, this announcement does fix, as of March 5, 2021, the spread adjustments that will be applied to the adjusted recommended replacement rate – the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR), in the case of USD Libor – when the fallback conversion does occur under ISDA's and the ARRC's provisions (other than those relating to consumer cash products). For example, the spread adjustment for one-month USD Libor, one of the most commonly used USD Libor rates, has been fixed at +0.11448 percent. The fixed spread adjustments for all Libor rates are available from Bloomberg Index Services Limited's website.

Notice Requirement

This announcement may trigger notice requirements under certain variants of the ARRC's recommended fallback provisions. In particular, lenders and administrative agents are advised to review the terms of their existing agreements to determine whether any notice requirement is triggered by the FCA's announcement.

For more information on how Libor discontinuation could impact your organization, please contact the author. In addition, Holland & Knight can provide advice on other operational and legal issues that may arise with respect to the discontinuation of Libor and the transition to alternative reference rates.

Information contained in this alert is for the general education and knowledge of our readers. It is not designed to be, and should not be used as, the sole source of information when analyzing and resolving a legal problem, and it should not be substituted for legal advice, which relies on a specific factual analysis. Moreover, the laws of each jurisdiction are different and are constantly changing. This information is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. If you have specific questions regarding a particular fact situation, we urge you to consult the authors of this publication, your Holland & Knight representative or other competent legal counsel.

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