Edward F. Koren
Edward F. Koren is the creator of Holland & Knight's Private Wealth Services Practice Group, which grew to become the largest group of trusts and estates lawyers in the United States. He turned over its management several years ago and is now Chair Emeritus.
Mr. Koren is past chair of the American Bar Association's Real Property, Probate and Trust Law Section; former American College of Trust and Estate Counsel Regent and past chair of its Estate and Gift Tax Committee; and former author of Estate and Personal Financial Planning, a five-volume treatise published by Thomson West that covers planning concepts for asset accumulation and transfer throughout life and through inheritance.
He has maintained certification as a Florida Board Certified Wills, Trusts and Estates Lawyer from 1986 – 2021 and is a National Association of Estate Planners & Councils-Accredited Estate Planner® who has received the highest rating assigned by Martindale-Hubbell.
One industry source says:
He is always outstanding. He is very, very competent (and) he is creative in coming up with ideas.
– Chambers High Net Worth 2021 guide
Custom-Planned Complex Structures for High-Net-Worth Families. Estate planning for high-net-worth families is both challenging and rewarding. Each family requires customized solutions, because their needs and goals are unique. A plan tailored to one family's particular source of wealth and individual familial issues will be totally inappropriate for another that has different relational challenges, business considerations or planning needs.
Mr. Koren works continually with families and their advisors to devise and implement comprehensive plans that match and adjust to each family's distinct attributes. Additionally, he often serves as a resource for the family office managers to ensure that they understand and are prepared to carry out the routine administration of the plan. These are the hallmarks of a successful planning approach for the high-net-worth family.
Planning for Entrepreneurs. The entrepreneur's approach to wealth creation reflects an appreciation of risk and reward; however, they often need encouragement to focus on longer-term issues or critical details that are required for the implementation of an appropriate estate plan. At the same time, entrepreneurs often appreciate "cutting edge" planning techniques, because they are attuned to judging their risk and reward attributes and how they will apply to their situation. A significant majority of Mr. Koren's clients are entrepreneurs, each with a different set of issues and goals, requiring specific and unique planning, often with multiple options for the client to select.
Business Succession Planning. Succession planning requires more than traditional estate planning tools. It often involves the creation of business structures, while also addressing family relationship issues that affect both current and long-range aspects of the business operation and family bonds. As with any estate plan, how assets are to be distributed and who is to administer the owner’s estate must be determined. As the advisor to owners of family businesses, Mr. Koren provides guidance on the transfer of the business to succeeding generations by raising a number of difficult issues:
- How (or whether) the business is to continue after the owner’s death
- How to separate and reward sweat equity from family equity
- How to identify and train successors
- How to deal with what may be significant liability for estate taxes
Mr. Koren knows that as an estate planner he must anticipate not only the elements affecting any business – market, economic and competitive issues, among others – but also how the interfamily relationships and related concerns impact the business.
Many planners focus only on the tax consequences when advising the family business owner on estate planning issues, but those are often resolved relatively easily by using available planning tools. Business succession planning, on the other hand, is very fact specific. With this understanding, Mr. Koren also acts as a counselor to assist the owner in the development of a plan, working with a variety of advisors who can bring their expertise on issues impacting management and ownership succession, family jealousies and rivalries, and general business concerns. This is where truly difficult issues arise, including not only the identity of the leadership of the next generation, but how to make the transfer and how to balance family issues with those affecting the business. Mr. Koren applies his experience and knowledge to design an effective succession plan to ensure that the business owner’s estate plan complements the business succession plan.
Representation of Fiduciaries. As the investment world has become more complicated, the law has evolved to recognize the new challenges. The standards by which a trustee's performance is evaluated have changed as well, so that almost every jurisdiction now has some version of the Prudent Investor Rule, by which trustees' investments are measured. Mr. Koren often works with fiduciaries to focus on the investment process that is required by the Prudent Investor Rule. In addition, as Chair of the committee of The Florida Bar that drafted Florida's Principal and Income law, he often advises trustees on the law's application to specific situations that arise during the administration of a trust.
Tax Controversies. Planning for high-net-worth families inevitably involves controversies, ranging from the valuation of assets that are the subject of transfer during life or death, to the structure and effectiveness of planning tools that may be used to implement a client's plan, and the nature and amount of various deductions, including those for charitable transfers. These controversies begin with an audit of the estate or gift tax return, which often is triggered merely by the size of the transaction or estate. Mr. Koren has handled a multitude of such audits, generally resolving them favorably for the taxpayer at the audit level. Where that is not possible, he typically is able to resolve the matter through the IRS appeals process. In the rare instances when a favorable result cannot be achieved at that level and it is necessary to resort to litigation, Mr. Koren represents clients through the litigation process – generally in the U.S. Tax Court, although refund litigation is sometimes preferable in either the U.S. District Court or the U.S. Court of Federal Claims.
Marital Agreements. All marriages terminate – either through dissolution or the death of one spouse. Often, wealthy families seek to minimize the controversies that can arise in these situations through the use of premarital or postmarital agreements. Mr. Koren has extensive experience in developing effective agreements that involve both the financial and family situation, particularly if a family business is involved where the business and tax planning aspects of these agreements are even more important. Opportunities for careful tax planning – based on each client's assets and family circumstances – can be comprehensive or limited to specific assets, such as the family business, inherited assets, or assets with special tax and business considerations, i.e., stock options and carried interest. Mr. Koren consults often with matrimonial attorneys in these circumstances to achieve tax-efficient solutions.
Mr. Koren has written numerous articles and chapters in publications pertaining to trusts, estates, individual taxation and estate planning and administration, and speaks regularly at seminars sponsored by national and regional professional organizations, including the University of Miami Heckerling Estate Planning Institute, Southern Federal Tax Institute, the American and Florida Bar Associations, the American College of Trust and Estate Counsel, ALI/ABA, PLI, the American Association of Attorney/CPAs, NYU Institute on Federal Wealth Transfer Taxation and numerous estate planning councils throughout the Southeast.
He was executive editor of the University of Florida Law Review. He served as an adjunct professor of law at the University of Florida in 1996, where he taught a graduate course in estate planning in the LL.M program, and then served in that role at the University of Miami, having taught a course on valuation in the LL.M. Program in Estate Planning for over twenty years.
- Private Wealth Services: created dynasty trusts for three descendants of a well-known wealth management company’s founder, and exercised the family’s option to purchase stock in the company that was being sold by an entity outside the family, allowing the stock to be family-held by future generations
- Private Wealth Services: obtained summary judgment in a case in which the IRS sought to recover from our clients what it claimed was an erroneous tax refund; the U.S. district court ruling cited several of the firm's arguments on complex aspects of relevant statutes and regulations
- University of Florida Levin College of Law, J.D., with high honors
- University of Florida, B.S.B.A., Accounting
- U.S. Supreme Court
- U.S. Tax Court
- U.S. Court of Federal Claims
- U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida
- American Bar Association, Real Property, Trust & Estate Law Section, Chair
- American Bar Association, Real Property, Probate and Trust Law Section, Chair, 2004-2005
- American College of Trust and Estate Counsel, Estate and Gift Tax Committee, Past Chair and Regent
- American College of Tax Counsel, Fellow
- The Florida Bar, Tax Section, Chair, 1990-1991
- The Florida Bar, Real Property, Probate and Trust Law Section, Chair, 1988-1989
- National Conference of Attorneys and Corporate Fiduciaries, 1999-present
- Community Foundation, Tampa Bay Leadership Counsel
- Florida Bar Principal & Income Committee Chair, 2000-present
- American Bar Foundation, Fellow
- American Law Institute
- Tampa Bay Estate Planning Council
- The Best Lawyers in America guide, Closely Held Companies and Family Business Law, Trusts and Estates, Tax Law, Litigation - Trusts and Estates, Litigation and Controversy - Tax, 1987-2023
- Florida Super Lawyers magazine, 2006-2022
- Who's Who Legal: Private Client, 2021, 2022
- Holland & Knight Pro Bono All-Star, 2021
- Who's Who Legal Florida: Private Client, 2020
- Florida Legal Elite, Florida Trend magazine, 2020, 2021
- Chambers High Net Worth guide, Private Wealth Law: Florida, Eastern Region, USA, 2016-2022
- Who's Who Legal 100: Private Client, Global Leader 2015-2019
- The Best Lawyers in America guide, Tampa Litigation - Trusts and Estates Lawyer of the Year, 2013
- Chambers USA – America's Leading Business Lawyers guide, Tax Estate Planning; Wealth Management: Eastern Region, 2007-2016
- Holland & Knight's Chesterfield Smith Award, 2012
- National Association of Estate Planners and Counsels Hall of Fame, inducted 2010
- Distinguished Accredited Estate Planner, National Association of Estate Planners and Counsels, 2010
- Top 100 Attorney, Worth Magazine, 2005, 2006, 2009
- The Florida Bar, Gerald T. Hart Outstanding Tax Attorney, 2002-2003
- The Florida Bar, Real Property and Trust Law Section, Robert C. Scott Memorial Award, 1991
- Who's Who in American Law
- Who's Who In America
- Who's Who in the World
- Martindale-Hubbell AV Preeminent Peer Review Rated