July 2, 2024

Local Governments in Florida Can No Longer Require Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

Local Regulations Are Preempted by Florida's Legislature
Holland & Knight Alert
Pedro Gassant | Alessandria San Roman | Lawrence E. Sellers | Miriam Soler Ramos | Misch Cetoute | William San Pedro

Florida Senate Bill 1084 (the Bill), which was passed by the legislature on March 6, 2024, and was signed by Gov. Ron DeSantis on May 1, took effect on July 1, 2024. The Bill addresses myriad issues, including the regulation of electric vehicle (EV) charging stations that was previously under the purview of local governments. For example, in Miami-Dade County, the requirements for EV charging stations in new real estate projects were set forth by County Ordinance 19-17 (the Ordinance), sponsored by then-Commissioner Daniella Levine Cava and adopted by the Board of County Commissioners on March 5, 2019.

Miami-Dade County's EV Ordinance No Longer Enforceable

The Ordinance required a number of parking spaces to be set aside for the charging of EVs at new real estate developments (e.g., apartment complexes, office buildings and shopping centers) in the County's unincorporated areas, with limited exceptions. The required EV spaces did not need to be furnished with the charging equipment if the circuitry necessary to support the equipment was installed. The County's EV space requirements are provided in the following table.


Total Number of Required Off-Street Parking Spaces

Minimum Required Off-Street EV Charging Spaces (Prior to Jan. 1, 2022)

Minimum Required Off-Street EV Charging Spaces (On or after Jan. 1, 2022)

Up to 9 spaces



10 or more spaces

10 percent of the required parking spaces, but in no event less than one EV charging space

20 percent of the required parking spaces, but in no event less than one EV charging space

Compliance with New State Statutory Requirements

The Bill expressly provides that "the regulation of electric vehicle charging stations is preempted to the state," and that a local government "may not enact or enforce an ordinance or regulation related to electric vehicle charging stations," after July 1, 2024. As a result, the County's EV requirements and local regulations similar thereto cannot be enforced. Going forward, it will be the responsibility of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) to regulate this area to "allow for consistency for consumers and the industry."

As of this writing, FDACS had not yet formally published any proposed rules.

If you have any questions or would like assistance regarding these regulations, please contact the authors.

Information contained in this alert is for the general education and knowledge of our readers. It is not designed to be, and should not be used as, the sole source of information when analyzing and resolving a legal problem, and it should not be substituted for legal advice, which relies on a specific factual analysis. Moreover, the laws of each jurisdiction are different and are constantly changing. This information is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship. If you have specific questions regarding a particular fact situation, we urge you to consult the authors of this publication, your Holland & Knight representative or other competent legal counsel.

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