State and Local Government Procurement

  • Holland & Knight’s lawyers and professionals have substantial experience with the complex and evolving rules and policies that govern procurement. We stand ready to guide you through the process, to help ensure that your work in this sector goes smoothly and advances your interests.
  • The lawyers on our State and Local Government Procurement Team stay ahead of the trends in this industry, and many are actively involved in shaping pertinent policy – including developing the Model Procurement Code and Regulations that many state governments have used as a guide.
  • Holland & Knight’s procurement lawyers are spread across the country, many concentrate in specific, targeted regions, giving you an advantage locally and when your transactions cross multiple state lines.
Government Building


State and local governments spend billions of dollars each year purchasing commodities and professional and contractual services. This purchasing activity is on the rise, thanks to current trends toward privatization and outsourcing, the appeal of commercial activities as sources of revenue, and the transfer of federal responsibilities to state and local governments. The laws, rules and policies applicable to state and local procurements are diverse and complex and, in some cases also include an overlay of federally imposed rules and requirements.

Doing business successfully in this vibrant but challenging sector requires a thorough knowledge of the applicable laws and policies, as well as an appreciation of the political and business needs of each party to the transaction.

We Cross the Country to Help Clients Navigate Complex Details

Holland & Knight's State and Local Government Procurement Team includes lawyers and professionals representing clients selling products or furnishing services to state or local governments, as well as lawyers assisting certain governmental entities in procurement policy and implementation, contract negotiation, responses to RFPs and bids, and protests and claims. Our clients are diverse in both size and products or services offered. We help them navigate virtually every form of state and local procurement used in the United States.

Our state and local government procurement lawyers are geographically located throughout the firm. Many have served in government during their careers and have represented governmental entities, giving them an insider's perspective on the unwritten sensitivities and policies of governments. Lawyers on our team have particular experience in state and local procurement laws and regulations in the District of Columbia, California, Florida, Illinois, Georgia, Massachusetts, Maryland, New York and Virginia. In addition, we have experience representing clients in state and local government procurement matters in multiple states, including Alabama, Colorado, Guam, Hawaii, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, Texas and Washington, as well as in numerous localities throughout the U.S.

Our team's broad geographical reach and wide-ranging experience are among our greatest strengths. We regularly represent businesses contracting with state and local governments for the following types of products and services:

  • compliance with local, state and federal Minority and Women Businesses Enterprise (MWBE), Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (DBE), Airport Concession Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (ACDBE) and U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) programs
  • concession agreements
  • construction and development
  • custom and commercial products
  • education products and services
  • environmental remediation
  • financial services
  • food services
  • healthcare products and services
  • homeland security
  • information technology
  • land use and zoning
  • professional services
  • public-private partnerships (P3)
  • real estate
  • telecommunications
  • transportation activities, projects, studies, products and services
  • water products and services

We also remain at the forefront of new developments in the field. For example, some of our attorneys were involved with the development of the Model Procurement Code and Regulations, adopted in some form by many state governments. Others are active in industry groups or bar associations and work on committees concerned with state and local government procurement policies. Our attorneys regularly present, speak and write on procurement and contracting topics.

You Benefit from Our Resources

Our State and Local Government Procurement Team is supported by the vast resources of Holland & Knight, one of the nation's largest law firms with more than 2,200 attorneys and 250 practice areas. Drawing from the firm's commercial and public sector capabilities, we are able to deliver comprehensive services in the following areas:

  • ACDBE programs and regulations
  • administrative
  • appropriations
  • civil rights
  • contracting
  • corporate transactions and acquisitions
  • criminal defense and investigations
  • dispute resolution
  • DBE programs and legislation
  • disparity studies
  • education
  • employment
  • environmental matters
  • export controls and international law
  • financing
  • government contract compliance
  • government procurement
  • government relations
  • governmental affairs
  • information technology
  • intellectual property
  • litigation
  • MWBE programs
  • public finance
  • public-private partnerships (P3)
  • real estate
  • SBA programs
  • subcontracting
  • transportation
  • water law

All of our lawyers and professionals are committed to providing a seamless, integrated approach to helping our clients win new business and maintain existing contracts. Our goal is to help you stay ahead of the ever-changing procurement and related political landscapes in the state and local jurisdictions where you do business or want to do business.

Understanding and Responding to Solicitations

Many companies wait to consult state and local procurement counsel until after the bids or proposals have been opened and the procuring agency has posted its intended decision. This approach can prevent a company from taking full advantage of pre-bid or pre-proposal opportunities to maximize chances for success. It can also place a company at a serious disadvantage, particularly in jurisdictions where failure to take action within very short timeframes can jeopardize the right to challenge a specification or a decision of the procuring agency.

Our team places special emphasis on providing advice early enough in the procurement process to help improve a company's competitive edge. We work closely with you to achieve a better understanding of the complexities, particular nuances, unwritten sensitivities or the preferences of decision-makers for a specific state or local jurisdiction. This understanding of the process, when used early enough, can prove highly useful, such as instances when we convince procurement agencies that competitive procurement is not legally required because products or services involved are sole sources, or when an existing contract can be renewed or extended.

Where competitive procurement is required, we help clients anticipate and avoid problems in their responses to a solicitation – and we help ensure that possible protest issues are not waived. In the pre-solicitation phase, our state and local government procurement lawyers also assist clients in becoming pre-qualified to bid on a project, if necessary, and in obtaining MWBE, DBE and ACDBE certification.

Prior to the issuance of a competitive solicitation, we assist clients by reviewing and commenting on draft specifications published by an agency, working with an agency to revise draft specifications where bidders are provided such an opportunity, attending agency meetings relating to the upcoming procurement and working with the client to develop a general strategy for responding to an anticipated solicitation. We provide advice on myriad contract vehicles including: firm-fixed price contracts, cost-reimbursement contracts, multiple award schedules, indefinite delivery indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contracts, design, construction and design, build, operate and maintain agreements, construction management at risk, cooperative purchasing arrangements and revenue-generating contracts. Our lawyers have experience with every procurement methodology, including sole-source, invitations for bids (IFB; low bid), requests for proposals, best value, competitive sealed bids and proposals and negotiated procurement.

Some state and local jurisdictions provide an opportunity for bidders to challenge procurement specifications if they create an unfair competitive advantage for one bidder or if they prevent a potential bidder from participating in the competitive procurement. Our lawyers regularly review solicitation specifications to determine and advise whether a protest of the specifications is warranted. We also regularly assist clients after a solicitation is issued by attending bidder conferences, drafting questions regarding the solicitation, and reviewing the client's bid or response package to ensure that it is complete and responsive to the solicitation.

Bid and RFP Protests

We file and defend bid RFP protests in state and local forums. Our team understands the time and expense involved in bid protests, as well as the potential political and public relations ramifications, and we recommend filing or continuing protests only when they have merit. Bid and RFP protests demand the dedication of knowledgeable lawyers and support personnel, particularly in jurisdictions that impose severe time restraints on litigants. We have the experience and large firm resources to effectively and efficiently litigate bid and RFP protest cases.

Contract Counseling

Early advice can protect your position in connection with later disputes, audits and investigations. We assist clients in negotiating contracts with state and local governments and are familiar in many jurisdictions with those terms and conditions that, although not mandatory, are considered by a state or local government to be "non-negotiable." We analyze the legality of particular contract provisions and the risks relating to state or local government specific laws and regulations.

Contract Compliance and Performance

The work of the firm's state and local government procurement lawyers does not end with the execution of a contract awarded to a client. Rather, we are regularly called upon to assist clients in contract compliance and performance matters. Holland & Knight has developed corporate ethics and compliance programs and conducts training sessions for our government procurement clients. Our lawyers handle a large variety of contract disputes between clients and state and local governments with which they contract in many jurisdictions throughout the United States. We also represent clients in disputes between contractors on state and local government projects.

Business Development

Having a public policy strategy for increasing business with state and local governments is imperative if your company is looking to be competitive. Holland & Knight offers clients significant public policy resources at the state and local levels.

The firm's lawyers and governmental consultants are available to work closely with you to develop a unique and personalized tactical and strategic plan to developing or maintaining business with state and local governments. Having a well thought-out plan helps you gain an advantage over competitors in that you go to market prepared, organized and focused.


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